Exercise & Cancer

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Cancer & Exercise: Prevention & Recovery

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

I gathered the articles on this page to help people with cancer, their loved ones, and their clinicians find recent research on the relationship between cancer and exercise, particularly the use of various kinds of exercise to reduce the risk of cancer, to decrease fatigue and other side-effects of cancer treatments, and to promote quality of life and recovery.

The 43 articles on this page were published from January 1, 2016, to the present.

I created this site to be fully accessible for people with disabilities; please follow this link to change text size, color, or contrast; please follow this link for other accessibility functions for those with visual, mobility, and other disabilities.

PLEASE NOTE: This web site includes 8 other pages of related sets of resources:

Cancer & Exercise:

Arem, H., Sorkin, M., Cartmel, B., Fiellin, M., Capozza, S., Harrigan, M., et al. (2016). Exercise adherence in a randomized trial of exercise on aromatase inhibitor arthralgias in breast cancer survivors: the Hormones and Physical Exercise (HOPE) study. J Cancer Surviv. [published online ahead of print]

Aycinena, A. C., Valdovinos, C., Crew, K. D., Tsai, W. Y., Mata, J. M., Sandoval, R., et al. (2016). Barriers to Recruitment and Adherence in a Randomized Controlled Diet and Exercise Weight Loss Intervention Among Minority Breast Cancer Survivors. J Immigr Minor Health. [published online ahead of print]

Beulertz, J., Prokop, A., Rustler, V., Bloch, W., Felsch, M., & Baumann, F. T. (2016). Effects of a 6-Month, Group-Based, Therapeutic Exercise Program for Childhood Cancer Outpatients on Motor Performance, Level of Activity, and Quality of Life. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 63(1), 127-132.

Boereboom, C., Doleman, B., Lund, J. N., & Williams, J. P. (2016). Systematic review of pre-operative exercise in colorectal cancer patients. Tech Coloproctol, 20(2), 81-89.

Capozzi, L. C., Boldt, K. R., Easaw, J., Bultz, B., & Culos-Reed, S. N. (2016). Evaluating a 12-week exercise program for brain cancer patients. Psychooncology, 25(3), 354-358.

Capozzi, L. C., McNeely, M. L., Lau, H. Y., Reimer, R. A., Giese-Davis, J., Fung, T. S., et al. (2016). Patient-reported outcomes, body composition, and nutrition status in patients with head and neck cancer: Results from an exploratory randomized controlled exercise trial. Cancer. [published online ahead of print]

Cormie, P., Oliffe, J. L., Wootten, A. C., Galvao, D. A., Newton, R. U., & Chambers, S. K. (2016). Improving psychosocial health in men with prostate cancer through an intervention that reinforces masculine values - exercise. Psychooncology, 25(2), 232-235.

Courneya, K. S., Segal, R. J., Vallerand, J. R., Forbes, C. C., Crawford, J. J., Dolan, L. B., et al. (2016). Motivation for Different Types and Doses of Exercise During Breast Cancer Chemotherapy: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Ann Behav Med. [published online ahead of print]

Craike, M., Gaskin, C. J., Courneya, K. S., Fraser, S. F., Salmon, J., Owen, P. J., et al. (2016). Predictors of adherence to a 12-week exercise program among men treated for prostate cancer: ENGAGE study. Cancer Med. [published online ahead of print]

Dash, C., Randolph-Jackson, P. D., Isaacs, C., Mills, M., Makambi, K., Watkins, V. V., et al. (2016). An exercise trial to reduce cancer related fatigue in African American breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy: Design, rationale, and methods. Contemp Clin Trials, 47, 153-157.

Dolan, L. B., Campbell, K., Gelmon, K., Neil-Sztramko, S., Holmes, D., & McKenzie, D. C. (2016). Interval versus continuous aerobic exercise training in breast cancer survivors-a pilot RCT. Support Care Cancer, 24(1), 119-127.

Furzer, B. J., Ackland, T. R., Wallman, K. E., Petterson, A. S., Gordon, S. M., Wright, K. E., et al. (2016). A randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise versus usual care on outcomes in haematological cancer patients. Support Care Cancer, 24(4), 1697-1707.

Gan, J. H., Sim, C. Y., & Santorelli, L. A. (2016). The effectiveness of exercise programmes in patients with multiple myeloma: A literature review. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol, 98, 275-289.

Giorgini, P., Grassi, D., Di Giosia, P., & Ferri, C. (2016). Exercise training improves cardiopulmonary and endothelial function in women with breast cancer: findings from the Diana-5 study. Intern Emerg Med. [published online ahead of print]

Hanyuda, A., Kim, S. A., Martinez-Fernandez, A., Qian, Z. R., Yamauchi, M., Nishihara, R., et al. (2016). Survival Benefit of Exercise Differs by Tumor IRS1 Expression Status in Colorectal Cancer. Ann Surg Oncol, 23(3), 908-917.

Hojan, K., Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, E., Leporowska, E., Gorecki, M., Ozga-Majchrzak, O., Milecki, T., et al. (2016). Physical exercise for functional capacity, blood immune function, fatigue and quality of life in high-risk prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy. A prospective, randomised clinical study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. [published online ahead of print]

Hunter, P. (2016). Exercise in a bottle: Elucidating how exercise conveys health benefits might lead to new therapeutic options for a range of diseases from cancer to metabolic syndrome. EMBO Rep, 17(2), 136-138.

Isanejad, A., Alizadeh, A. M., Shalamzari, S. A., Khodayari, H., Khodayari, S., Khori, V., et al. (2016). MicroRNA-206, Let-7 and microRNA-21 pathways involved in the anti-angiogenesis effects of the interval exercise training and hormone therapy in breast cancer. Life Sci. [published online ahead of print]

Jeffs, E., & Purushotham, A. (2016). The prevalence of lymphoedema in women who attended an information and exercise class to reduce the risk of breast cancer-related upper limb lymphoedema. Springerplus, 5, 21.

Kamstra, J. I., van Leeuwen, M., Roodenburg, J. L., & Dijkstra, P. U. (2016). Exercise therapy for trismus secondary to head and neck cancer: A systematic review. Head Neck. [published online ahead of print]

Kartolo, A., Cheng, S., & Petrella, T. (2016). Motivation and preferences of exercise programmes in patients with inoperable metastatic lung cancer: a need assessment. Support Care Cancer, 24(1), 129-137.

Keilani, M., Hasenoehrl, T., Neubauer, M., & Crevenna, R. (2016). Resistance exercise and secondary lymphedema in breast cancer survivors-a systematic review. Support Care Cancer, 24(4), 1907-1916.

Kim, S. H., Cho, Y. U., Kim, S. J., Hong, S., Han, M. S., & Choi, E. (2016). The Effect on Bone Outcomes of Adding Exercise to Supplements for Osteopenic Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Cancer Nurs, 39(2), 144-152.

Kirkham, A. A., Bland, K. A., Sayyari, S., Campbell, K. L., & Davis, M. K. (2016). Clinically Relevant Physical Benefits of Exercise Interventions in Breast Cancer Survivors. Curr Oncol Rep, 18(2), 12.

LaVoy, E. C., Fagundes, C. P., & Dantzer, R. (2016). Exercise, inflammation, and fatigue in cancer survivors. Exerc Immunol Rev, 22, 82-93.

Loughney, L., West, M. A., Kemp, G. J., Grocott, M. P., & Jack, S. (2016). Exercise intervention in people with cancer undergoing neoadjuvant cancer treatment and surgery: A systematic review. Eur J Surg Oncol, 42(1), 28-38.

Loughney, L., West, M. A., Kemp, G. J., Rossiter, H. B., Burke, S. M., Cox, T., et al. (2016). The effects of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and an in-hospital exercise training programme on physical fitness and quality of life in locally advanced rectal cancer patients (The EMPOWER Trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 17(1), 24.

Morielli, A. R., Usmani, N., Boule, N. G., Severin, D., Tankel, K., Nijjar, T., et al. (2016). Exercise motivation in rectal cancer patients during and after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Support Care Cancer. [published online ahead of print]

Nelson, N. L. (2016). Breast Cancer -Related Lymphedema and Resistance Exercise: A Systematic Review. J Strength Cond Res. [published online ahead of print]

Pauli, N., Svensson, U., Karlsson, T., & Finizia, C. (2016). Exercise intervention for the treatment of trismus in head and neck cancer - a prospective two-year follow-up study. Acta Oncol, 1-7.

Retel, V. P., van der Molen, L., Steuten, L. M., van den Brekel, M. W., & Hilgers, F. J. (2016). A cost-effectiveness analysis of using TheraBite in a preventive exercise program for patients with advanced head and neck cancer treated with concomitant chemo-radiotherapy. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol, 273(3), 709-718.

Schmidt, M. E., Meynkohn, A., Habermann, N., Wiskemann, J., Oelmann, J., Hof, H., et al. (2016). Resistance Exercise and Inflammation in Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Adjuvant Radiation Therapy: Mediation Analysis From a Randomized, Controlled Intervention Trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys, 94(2), 329-337.

Sheppard, V. B., Hicks, J., Makambi, K., Hurtado-de-Mendoza, A., Demark-Wahnefried, W., & Adams-Campbell, L. (2016). The feasibility and acceptability of a diet and exercise trial in overweight and obese black breast cancer survivors: The Stepping STONE study. Contemp Clin Trials, 46, 106-113.

Singh, B., Buchan, J., Box, R., Janda, M., Peake, J., Purcell, A., et al. (2016). Compression use during an exercise intervention and associated changes in breast cancer-related lymphedema. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. [published online ahead of print]

Singh, B., Disipio, T., Peake, J., & Hayes, S. C. (2016). Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Exercise for Those With Cancer-Related Lymphedema. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 97(2), 302-315 e313.

Skinner, T. L., Peeters, G. G., Croci, I., Bell, K. R., Burton, N. W., Chambers, S. K., et al. (2016). Impact of a brief exercise program on the physical and psychosocial health of prostate cancer survivors: A pilot study. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol. [published online ahead of print]

Story, C., Bryant, A. L., Phillips, B., Bailey, C., Shields, E. W., Jr., & Battaglini, C. (2016). Comparison of Methods for Determining Aerobic Exercise Intensity Using Heart Rate in Acute Leukemia Patients Prior to Induction Chemotherapy. Biol Res Nurs. [published online ahead of print]

Stoutenberg, M., Sogor, A., Arheart, K., Cutrono, S. E., & Kornfeld, J. (2016). A Wellness Program for Cancer Survivors and Caregivers: Developing an Integrative Pilot Program with Exercise, Nutrition, and Complementary Medicine. J Cancer Educ, 31(1), 47-54.

Teleni, L., Chan, R. J., Chan, A., Isenring, E. A., Vela, I., Inder, W. J., et al. (2016). Exercise improves quality of life in androgen deprivation therapy-treated prostate cancer: systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Endocr Relat Cancer, 23(2), 101-112.

Tsuda, K., Sudo, K., Goto, G., Takai, M., Itokawa, T., Isshiki, T., et al. (2016). A Feasibility Study of Virtual Reality Exercise in Elderly Patients with Hematologic Malignancies Receiving Chemotherapy. Intern Med, 55(4), 347-352.

van Gemert, W. A., May, A. M., Schuit, A. J., Oosterhof, B. Y., Peeters, P. H., & Monninkhof, E. M. (2016). Effect of weight loss with or without exercise on inflammatory markers and adipokines in postmenopausal women: the SHAPE-2 trial -- A Randomized Controlled Trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev [published online ahead of print]

van Vulpen, J. K., Peeters, P. H., Velthuis, M. J., van der Wall, E., & May, A. M. (2016). Effects of physical exercise during adjuvant breast cancer treatment on physical and psychosocial dimensions of cancer-related fatigue: A meta-analysis. Maturitas, 85, 104-111.

Zhang, L., Fan, A., Yan, J., He, Y., Zhang, H., Zhang, H., et al. (2016). Combining Manual Lymph Drainage with Physical Exercise after Modified Radical Mastectomy Effectively Prevents Upper Limb Lymphedema. Lymphat Res Biol. [published online ahead of print]


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