Self-Care Resources for Clinicians

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Resources for Clinicians' Self-Care:

Enhancing Well-Being & Avoiding Burnout -

45 Recent Books & Articles

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

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I gathered together the following information to help clinicians keep abreast of the latest books and peer-reviewed articles on clinicians' self-care, enhancing well-being, and avoiding burnout.

The 5th edition of the ethics book by Melba Vasquez, Ph.D., ABPP, and me includes a chapter emphasizing the ethic of self-care.  The chapter recommends "creating strategies for self-care as early as possible in your education, training, and practice.  Neglecting self-care early on can drain the enthusiasm, joy, resilience, and meaning out of a career.  It can hurt our ability to practice ethically. It can sink us in discouragement, compassion fatigue, and burnout."

The chapter discusses each of the possible consequences of neglecting self-care, including:

It also discusses strategies for addressing common problem areas, including:

So crucial is the ethic of self-care that it is worth keeping up with the rapidly evolving theory, research, and practice in this area.

This web page presents recent (i.e., published in 2014-2019) cites for books and peer-reviewed journal articles addressing clinician self-care, well-being, and burnout. 

Because the literature on self-care, well-being, and burnout is so vast, the lists below are limited to books and articles focusing specifically on clinicians' self-care, well-being, or burnout.

11 RECENT CHAPTERS AND BOOKS (2014-2019): 

Baum, N. (2016). Therapist self-care to mitigate secondary traumatization. In S. Maltzman (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of treatment processes and outcomes in psychology: A multidisciplinary, biopsychosocial approach (pp. 136-145). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bush, A. D. (2015). Simple self-care for therapists: Restorative practices to weave through your workday. W W Norton & Co.

Dornelas, Ellen A. (2018). Future directions in practice and clinician self-care. In Psychological treatment of patients with cancer. (pp. 123-131). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Hughes, G. (2014). Competence and self-care in counselling and psychotherapy. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Malinowski, A. J. (2014). Self-Care for the Mental Health Practitioner: The Theory, Research, and Practice of Preventing and Addressing the Occupational Hazards of the Profession. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Nelson, T. S. (2016). Therapist vicarious trauma and burnout when treating military sexual trauma. In L. S. Katz, Treating military sexual trauma (pp. 257-274). New York: Springer.

Norcross, John C., & VandenBos, Gary R. (2018). Leaving it at the office: A guide to psychotherapist self-care, 2nd ed. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.

Prenn, Natasha C. N., & Fosha, Diana. (2017). Supervisor development and self-care. In Supervision essentials for accelerated experiential dynamic psychotherapy. (pp. 133-139). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.

Riggar, T. F. (2016). Counselor burnout. In I. Marini & M. A. Stebnicki (Eds.), The professional counselor's desk reference (pp. 555-558). New York: Springer.

Shapiro, S. L., & Carlson, L. E. (2017). Mindfulness and self-care for the clinician. In S. L. Shapiro & L. E. Carlson, The art and science of mindfulness: Integrating mindfulness into psychology and the helping professions (pp. 115-126). Washginton, DC: American Psychological Association.

Skovholt, Thomas M., and Michelle J. Trotter-Mathison. (2014). The resilient practitioner: Burnout prevention and self-care strategies for counselors, therapists, teachers, and health professionals. Routledge.

34 RECENT ARTICLES (2014-2019):

Back, Anthony L., Steinhauser, Karen E., Kamal, Arif H., & Jackson, Vicki A. (2016). Building resilience for palliative care clinicians: An approach to burnout prevention based on individual skills and workplace factors. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 52(2), 284-291.

Bamonti, P. M., Keelan, C. M., Larson, N., Mentrikoski, J. M., Randall, C. L., Sly, S. K., McNeil, D. W. (2014). Promoting ethical behavior by cultivating a culture of self-care during graduate training: A call to action. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 8(4), 253-260

Carrola, P. A., Olivarez, A., & Karcher, M. J. (2016). Correctional counselor burnout: Examining burnout rates using the Counselor Burnout Inventory. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 55(3), 195-212.

Cleary, M., Jackson, D., & Hungerford, C. L. (2014). Mental health nursing in Australia: Resilience as a means of sustaining the specialty. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(1), 33-40.

Dang, Y., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2015). Promoting Counselor Professional and Personal Well-Being Through Advocacy. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 1-13.

Dorian, M., & Killebrew, J. E. (2014). A study of mindfulness and self-care: a path to self-compassion for female therapists in training. Women & Therapy, 37(1-2), 155-163.

Garcia, H. A., McGeary, C. A., Finley, E. P., Ketchum, N. S., McGeary, D. D., & Peterson, A. L. (2015). Evidence-based treatments for PTSD and VHA provider burnout: The impact of cognitive processing and prolonged exposure therapies. Traumatology, 21(1), 7-13.

Garcia, H. A., McGeary, C. A., McGeary, D. D., Finley, E. P., & Peterson, A. L. (2014). Burnout in veterans health administration mental health providers in posttraumatic stress clinics. Psychological Services, 11(1), 50-59.

Geoffrion, S., Morselli, C., & Guay, S. (2015). Rethinking Compassion Fatigue Through the Lens of Professional Identity The Case of Child-Protection Workers. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838015584362.

Green, A. E., Albanese, B. J., Shapiro, N. M., & Aarons, G. A. (2014). The roles of individual and organizational factors in burnout among community-based mental health service providers. Psychological Services, 11(1), 41-49.

Gutierrez, D., & Mullen, P. R. (2016). Emotional intelligence and the counselor: Examining the relationship of trait emotional intelligence to counselor burnout. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 38(3), 187-200.

Hensel, J. M., Ruiz, C., Finney, C., & Dewa, C. S. (2015). MetaAnalysis of Risk Factors for Secondary Traumatic Stress in Therapeutic Work With Trauma Victims. Journal of traumatic stress, 28(2), 83-91.

Hensley, Laura, & Schultz-Duncan, Andrea. (2017). Twenty-five strategies for engaging in self-care The resilient mental health practice: Nourishing your business, your clients, and yourself. (pp. 173-189). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Jergensen, Kate. (2018). Practice what you preach: An exploration of DBT therapists personal skill utilization in burnout prevention. Clinical Social Work Journal, 46(3), 187-199.

Kemper, K. J., Mo, X., & Khayat, R. (2015). Are Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Associated with Sleep and Resilience in Health Professionals?. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Kissil, Karni, & Niño, Alba. (2017). Does the person-of-the-therapist training (POTT) promote self-care? Personal gains of MFT trainees following POTT: A retrospective thematic analysis. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 43(3), 526-536.

Lawson, Gerard, & Cook, Jennifer M. (2017). Wellness, self-care, and burnout prevention Clinical mental health counseling: Elements of effective practice. (pp. 313-335). Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, Inc.

Lester, P. B., Taylor, L. C., Hawkins, S. A., & Landry, L. (2015). Current Directions in Military Health-care Provider Resilience. Current psychiatry reports, 17(2), 1-7.

Linzer, M., Poplau, S., Grossman, E., Varkey, A., Yale, S., Williams, E., Barbouche, M. (2015). A cluster randomized trial of interventions to improve work conditions and clinician burnout in primary care: Results from the Healthy Work Place (HWP) study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(8), 1105-1111.

Madathil, R., Heck, N. C., & Schuldberg, D. (2014). Burnout in psychiatric nursing: Examining the interplay of autonomy, leadership style, and depressive symptoms. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.

McCormack, H. M., MacIntyre, T. E., O'Shea, D., Campbell, M. J., & Igou, E. R. (2015). Practicing What We Preach: Investigating the Role of Social Support in Sport Psychologists' Well-Being. Frontiers in psychology, 6.

Mensah, S. B., & Anderson, J. G. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of the use of mind-body therapies by healthcare providers and clinicians to care for themselves. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 21(2), 124-130.

Nelson, Jill R., Hall, Brenda S., Anderson, Jamie L., Birtles, Cailen, & Hemming, Lynae. (2018). Self–compassion as self-care: A simple and effective tool for counselor educators and counseling students. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 13(1), 121-133.

Olson, K., & Kemper, K. J. (2014). Factors associated with well-being and confidence in providing compassionate care. Journal Of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 19(4), 292-296.

Pakenham, Kenneth Ian. "Investigation of the utility of the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) framework for fostering self-care in clinical psychology trainees." Training and Education in Professional Psychology 9.2 (2015): 144.

Peng, L., Li, M., Zuo, X., Miao, Y., Chen, L., Yu, Y., & Wang, T. (2014). Application of the Pennsylvania resilience training program on medical students. Personality and Individual Differences, 61-62, 47-51.

Pidgeon, A. M., Ford, L., & Klaassen, F. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of enhancing resilience in human service professionals using a retreat-based mindfulness with metta training program: A randomised control trial. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 19(3), 355-364.

Puig, A., Yoon, E., Callueng, C., An, S., & Lee, S. M. (2014). Burnout syndrome in psychotherapists: A comparative analysis of five nations. Psychological Services, 11(1), 87-96.

Salloum, A., Kondrat, D. C., Johnco, C., & Olson, K. R. (2015). The role of self-care on compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary trauma among child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 49, 54-61.

Salyers, Michelle P., Garabrant, Jennifer M., Luther, Lauren, Henry, Nancy, Fukui, Sadaaki, Shimp, Dawn, Rollins, Angela L. (2018). A comparative effectiveness trial to reduce burnout and improve quality of care. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, published online in advance of print publication.

Thompson, I., Amatea, E., & Thompson, E. (2014). Personal and Contextual Predictors of Mental Health Counselors' Compassion Fatigue and Burnout. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 36(1), 58-77.

Wald, H. S., Anthony, D., Hutchinson, T. A., Liben, S., Smilovitch, M., & Donato, A. A. (2015). Professional identity formation in medical education for humanistic, resilient physicians: Pedagogic strategies for bridging theory to practice. Academic Medicine, 90(6), 753-760.

West, C. P., & Hauer, K. E. (2015). Reducing burnout in primary care: A step toward solutions. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(8), 1056-1057.

Whitebird, R. R., Solberg, L. I., Crain, A. L., Rossom, R. C., Beck, A., Neely, C., & Coleman, K. J. (2016). Clinician burnout and satisfaction with resources in caring for complex patients. General Hospital Psychiatry. [online publication in advance of print]

 

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