Detainee Interrogations, Physicians, & Psychologists


This section includes 9 web pages:


A Human Rights and Ethics Crisis Facing the World's Largest Organization of Psychologists—Accepting Responsibility, Understanding Causes, Implementing Solutions by Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, in European Psychologist

The Code Not Taken: The Path From Guild Ethics to Torture and Our Continuing Choices -- Canadian Psychological Association John C. Service Member of the Year Award Address by Ken Pope, in Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne.

"The Hoffman Report And the American Psychological Association: Meeting the Challenge of Change" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, Appendix A in Ethics in Psychotherapy and Counseling, 5th Edition by Ken Pope & Melba J. T. Vasquez. New York: Wiley, January 19, 2016 (paperback, Kindle, & Nook).

"Are the American Psychological Association’s Detainee Interrogation Policies Ethical and Effective? Key Claims, Documents, and Results" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, in Zeitschrift für Psychologie / Journal of Psychology, 2011.

3 Cognitive Strategies to Deny, Discount, & Dismiss Torture: How Individuals, Groups, Governments, & Cultures Enable Torturers - An excerpt from a chapter on "Torture" published by Academic Press.

"Psychologists and Detainee Interrogations: Key Decisions, Opportunities Lost, and Lessons Learned" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, in Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 2011.

"Contrasting Ethical Policies of Physicians & Psychologists Concerning Detainee Interrogations" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, & Tom Gutheil, M.D., in British Medical Journal, 2009 (BMJ 2009;338:b1653).

"Psychologists Abandon the Nuremberg Ethic: Concerns for Detainee Interrogations" by Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP, & Tom Gutheil, M.D., in International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 2009. (doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2009.02.005).

Why I Resigned from the American Psychological Association is the text of a letter was sent to APA President Alan Kazdin via FedEx on February 6, 2008, and to members of the APA Council of Representatives via the Council listserv, February 7. The letter notes that I (Ken Pope) respectfully disagree with decisive changes that APA has made in its ethical stance after 9-11, and that these changes moved APA far from its ethical foundation, historic traditions, and basic values, and beyond what I can in good conscience support with my membership.


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