Resources for Troops & Veterans, Families, & Clinicians

Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

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Resources for Troops & Veterans, Their Families, & Those Who Provide Services to Them


Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP


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I collected the following resources to make them more easily available to military troops and veterans, their families, and those who work with them.

The resources I've gathered fall into 3 groups:

First, there are 141 citations of recent articles and books on such topics as combat trauma, resilience, deployment's impact on troops & their families, the challenges of returning home after discharge, bereavement, and providing clinical services to troops and their families. To maintain a focus on recent and emerging works, I've limited the publications in this section to those published in 2013-2017.

Second, there are links to 36 helpful organizations and programs, such as aid and assistance programs for each branch of the service, Operation Military Support, Military Spouse Career Center, Seamless Transition for Veterans returning from Iraq & Afghanistan, Disabled American Veterans, Veteran Employment site, legal information & resources for military personnel and their families, National Military Family Association, Operation Family Fund, the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, & Books for Soldiers.

Third, 14 there are links to United States military organizations.

This collection is not meant to be comprehensive but rather a starting point, especially for those in remote geographic areas or otherwise without convenient access to these materials. Because there is such a vast literature in such broad areas as trauma, bereavement, disability, assessment, therapy, and rehabilitation, the resources below are limited to those that focus exclusively on the military troops, veterans, and their families.

141 Recent Articles & Books (published in 2013-2017):

  1. Ahearn EP, Chen P, Hertzberg M, Cornette M, Suvalsky L, et al. 2013. Suicide attempts in veterans with bipolar disorder during treatment with lithium, divalproex, and atypical antipsychotics. Journal of Affective Disorders 145: 77-82
  2. Bartholomew, T. T., Badura-Brack, A. S., Leak, G. K., Hearley, A. R., & McDermott, T. J. (2016). Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma Among U.S. Combat Veterans. Military Psychology. Advance online publication.
  3. Bernet AC. 2013. Predictors of psychiatric readmission among veterans at high risk of suicide: The impact of post-discharge aftercare. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 27: 260-61
  4. Bhatnagar R, Phelps L, Rietz K, Juergens T, Russell D, et al. 2013. The effects of mindfulness training on post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms and heart rate variability in combat veterans. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 19: 860-61
  5. Blosnich JR, Brown GR, Shipherd JC, Kauth M, Piegari RI, Bossarte RM. 2013. Prevalence of gender identity disorder and suicide risk among transgender veterans utilizing Veterans Health Administration care. American Journal of Public Health 103: e27-e32
  6. Booth-Kewley S, Schmied EA, Highfill-McRoy RM, Larson GE, Garland CF, Ziajko LA. 2013. Predictors of psychiatric disorders in combat veterans. BMC Psychiatry 13
  7. Bormann JE, Thorp SR, Wetherell JL, Golshan S, Lang AJ. 2013. Meditation-based mantram intervention for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 5: 259-67
  8. Borowa, D., Robitschek, C., Harmon, K. A., & Shigemoto, Y. (2016). Posttraumatic stress and growth in student service members and veterans: The role of personal growth initiative. Journal of American College Health, 64(7), 527-534.
  9. Brief DJ, Rubin A, Keane TM, Enggasser JL, Roy M, et al. 2013. Web intervention for OEF/OIF veterans with problem drinking and PTSD symptoms: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 81: 890-900
  10. Britton, P. C., Bohnert, K. M., Ilgen, M. A., Kane, C., Stephens, B., & Pigeon, W. R. (2017). Suicide mortality among male veterans discharged from Veterans Health Administration acute psychiatric units from 2005 to 2010. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 1-7.
  11. Brown, N. B., & Bruce, S. E. (2016). Stigma, career worry, and mental illness symptomatology: Factors influencing treatment-seeking for Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom soldiers and veterans. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(3), 276-283
  12. Bryan, C. J., Griffith, J. H., Pace, B. T., Hinkson, K., Bryan, A. O., Clemans, T. A., & Imel, Z. E. (2015). Combat Exposure and Risk for Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors Among Military Personnel and Veterans: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
  13. Byrne T, Montgomery AE, Dichter ME. 2013. Homelessness among female veterans: A systematic review of the literature. Women & Health 53: 572-96
  14. Carlson EB, Garvert DW, Macia KS, Ruzek JI, Burling TA. 2013. Traumatic stressor exposure and post-traumatic symptoms in homeless veterans. Military Medicine 178: 970-73
  15. Carmody TP, Duncan CL, Huggins J, Solkowitz SN, Lee SK, et al. 2013. Telephone-delivered cognitive - behavioral therapy for pain management among older military veterans: A randomized trial. Psychological Services 10: 265-75
  16. Castillo, D. T., Chee, C. L., Nason, E., Keller, J., C'de Baca, J., Qualls, C., . . . Keane, T. M. (2016). Group-delivered cognitive/exposure therapy for PTSD in women veterans: A randomized controlled trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 8(3), 404-412.
  17. Chueh KH, Chang TY. 2014. Effectiveness of group reminiscence therapy for depressive symptoms in male veterans: 6month followup. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 29: 377-83
  18. Cook JM, Dinnen S, Simiola V, Bernardy N, Rosenheck R, Hoff R. 2014. Residential treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in the Department of Veterans Affairs: A national perspective on perceived effective ingredients. Traumatology: An International Journal 20: 43-49
  19. Corson K, Denneson LM, Bair MJ, Helmer DA, Goulet JL, Dobscha SK. 2013. Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Journal of Affective Disorders 149: 291-98
  20. Cucciare MA, Boden MT, Weingardt KR. 2013. Brief alcohol counseling improves mental health functioning in veterans with alcohol misuse: Results from a randomized trial. Journal of Affective Disorders 147: 312-17
  21. Curry JF, Aubuchon-Endsley N, Brancu M, Runnals JJ, Fairbank JA. 2014. Lifetime major depression and comorbid disorders among current-era women veterans. Journal of Affective Disorders 152-154: 434-40
  22. Davidson CL, Babson KA, BonnMiller MO, Souter T, Vannoy S. 2013. The impact of exercise on suicide risk: Examining pathways through depression, PTSD, and sleep in an inpatient sample of veterans. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 43: 279-89
  23. Decker SE, Rosenheck RA, Tsai J, Hoff R, Harpaz-Rotem I. 2013. Military sexual assault and homeless women veterans: Clinical correlates and treatment preferences. Women's Health Issues 23: e373-e80
  24. Denneson LM, Corson K, Helmer DA, Bair MJ, Dobscha SK. 2014. Mental health utilization of new-to-care iraq and afghanistan veterans following suicidal ideation assessment. Psychiatry Research: No Pagination Specified
  25. Der-Martirosian C, Cordasco KM, Washington DL. 2013. Health-related quality of life and comorbidity among older women veterans in the United States. Quality of Life Research: An International Journal of Quality of Life Aspects of Treatment, Care & Rehabilitation 22: 2749-56
  26. DeViva JC. 2013. Treatment Utilization Among OEF/OIF Veterans Referred for Psychotherapy for PTSD. Psychological Services: No Pagination Specified
  27. Dickstein BD, Walter KH, Schumm JA, Chard KM. 2013. Comparing response to cognitive processing therapy in military veterans with subthreshold and threshold posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26: 703-09
  28. Eftekhari A, Ruzek JI, Crowley JJ, Rosen CS, Greenbaum MA, Karlin BE. 2013. Effectiveness of national implementation of prolonged exposure therapy in veterans affairs care. JAMA Psychiatry 70: 949-55
  29. Engelhard, I. M., Lommen, M. J., & Sijbrandij, M. (2014). Changing for Better or Worse? Posttraumatic Growth Reported by Soldiers Deployed to Iraq. Clinical Psychological Science, available online ahead of print
  30. Fanning JR, Pietrzak RH. 2013. Suicidality among older male veterans in the United States: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans study. Journal of Psychiatric Research 47: 1766-75
  31. Frankfurt, S., & Frazier, P. (2016). A Review of Research on Moral Injury in Combat Veterans. Military Psychology, published online in advanc of print edition.
  32. Friedman, M. J. (2014). Suicide risk among soldiers: Early findings from Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). JAMA Psychiatry, 71(5), 487-489.
  33. Gallegos, A. M., Streltzov, N. A., & Stecker, T. (2016). Improving treatment engagement for returning operation enduring freedom and operation Iraqi freedom veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and suicidal ideation. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(5), 339-343.
  34. Gati I, Ryzhik T, Vertsberger D. 2013. Preparing young veterans for civilian life: The effects of a workshop on career decision-making difficulties and self-efficacy. Journal of Vocational Behavior 83: 373-85
  35. Gilliam CM, Norberg MM, Ryan CE, Tolin DF. 2013. Understanding Afghanistan and Iraq veterans' treatment preferences and perceptions of stigma. the Behavior Therapist 36: 172-79
  36. Gilman, S. E., Bromet, E. J., Cox, K. L., Colpe, L. J., Fullerton, C. S., Gruber, M. J. & Army STARRS Collaborators. (2014). Sociodemographic and career history predictors of suicide mortality in the United States Army 2004–2009. Psychological Medicine, 44(12), 2579-2592
  37. Godfrey, K. M., Mostoufi, S., Rodgers, C., Backhaus, A., Floto, E., Pittman, J., & Afari, N. (2015). Associations of military sexual trauma, combat exposure, and number of deployments with physical and mental health indicators in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 366-377.
  38. Goldberg, J., Magruder, K. M., Forsberg, C. W., Friedman, M. J., Litz, B. T., Vaccarino, V.& Smith, N. L. (2015). Prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Aging Vietnam-era Veterans: VA Cooperative Study# 569, The Course and Consequences of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Vietnam-era Veteran Twins. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.
  39. Goldberg RW, Reeves G, Tapscott S, Medoff D, Dickerson F, et al. 2013. "MOVE!": Outcomes of a weight loss program modified for veterans with serious mental illness. Psychiatric Services 64: 737-44
  40. Goldstein, L. A., Dinh, J., Donalson, R., Hebenstreit, C. L., & Maguen, S. (2017). Impact of Military Trauma Exposures on Posttraumatic Stress and Depression in Female Veterans. Psychiatry Research.
  41. Goodson JT, Lefkowitz CM, Helstrom AW, Gawrysiak MJ. 2013. Outcomes of prolonged exposure therapy for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26: 419-25
  42. Goodwin, B. E., Sellbom, M., & Arbisi, P. A. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder in veterans: The utility of the MMPI–2–RF validity scales in detecting overreported symptoms. Psychological assessment, 25(3), 671.
  43. Groer, M. W., Kane, B., Williams, S. N., & Duffy, A. (2014). Relationship of PTSD symptoms with combat exposure, stress, and inflammation in American soldiers. Biological research for nursing, 1099800414544949.
  44. Hahn, A. M., Tirabassi, C. K., Simons, R. M., & Simons, J. S. (2015). Military sexual trauma, combat exposure, and negative urgency as independent predictors of PTSD and subsequent alcohol problems among OEF/OIF veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 378-383
  45. Hearne CRM. 2013. Predictors of Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans' engagement in mental health treatment. Military Medicine 178: 1183-87
  46. Hendin, H. (2014). An Innovative Approach to Treating Combat Veterans with PTSD at Risk for Suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
  47. Hoge, C. W., Lee, D. J., & Castro, C. A. (2017). Refining Trauma-Focused Treatments for Servicemembers and Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Progress and Ongoing Challenges. Jama Psychiatry, 74(1), 13-14.
  48. Hoge, C. W., Riviere, L. A., Wilk, J. E., Herrell, R. K., & Weathers, F. W. (2014). The prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in US combat soldiers: a head-to-head comparison of DSM-5 versus DSM-IV-TR symptom criteria with the PTSD checklist. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1(4), 269-277.
  49. Hoglund, M. W., & Schwartz, R. M. (2014). Mental health in deployed and nondeployed veteran men and women in Comparison with their civilian counterparts. Military Medicine, 179(1), 19-25.
  50. Holliday, R., Williams, R., Bird, J., Mullen, K., & Surís, A. (2015). The role of cognitive processing therapy in improving psychosocial functioning, health, and quality of life in veterans with military sexual trauma-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychological Services, 12(4), 428-434.
  51. Hosain GMM, Latini DM, Kauth M, Goltz HH, Helmer DA. 2013. Sexual dysfunction among male veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Sexual Medicine 10: 516-23
  52. Hundt NE, Barrera TL, Mott JM, Mignogna J, Yu H-J, et al. 2014. Predisposing, Enabling, and Need Factors as Predictors of Low and High Psychotherapy Utilization in Veterans. Psychological Services: No Pagination Specified
  53. Hundt, N. E., Barrera, T. L., Robinson, A., & Cully, J. A. (2014). A systematic review of cognitive behavioral therapy for depression in veterans. Military medicine, 179(9), 942-949.
  54. Iraq War Clinician Guide, 2nd Edition: This is a complete online book developed by members of the National Center for PTSD and the Department of Defense. It is addressed specifically to clinicians and focuses on the unique needs of veterans of the Iraq war.
  55. Iverson KM, Mercado R, Carpenter SL, Street AE. 2013. Intimate partner violence among women veterans: Previous interpersonal violence as a risk factor. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26: 767-71
  56. Jahn, D. R., Muralidharan, A., Drapalski, A. L., Brown, C. H., Fang, L. J., & Lucksted, A. (2017). Differences in suicide and death ideation among veterans and nonveterans with serious mental illness. Psychological services.
  57. Johnson, W. B., Bertschinger, M., Snell, A. K., & Wilson, A. (2014). Secondary trauma and ethical obligations for military psychologists: Preserving compassion and competence in the crucible of combat. Psychological Services, 11(1), 68-74.
  58. Johnson, N. L., Robinett, S., Smith, L. M., & Cardin, S. (2015). Establishing a new military sexual trauma treatment program: Issues and recommendations for design and implementation. Psychological Services, 12(4), 435-442.
  59. Johnson, L., Shipherd, J., & Walton, H. M. (2015). The Psychologist's Role in Transgender-Specific Care With US Veterans.Psychological Services.
  60. Karlin BE, Cross G. 2014. From the laboratory to the therapy room: National dissemination and implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies in the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Health Care System. American Psychologist 69: 19-33
  61. Karlin BE, Trockel M, Taylor CB, Gimeno J, Manber R. 2013. National dissemination of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in veterans: Therapist- and patient-level outcomes. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 81: 912-17
  62. Karlin BE, Visnic S, Shealy McGee J, Teri L. 2013. Results From the Multisite Implementation of STAR-VA: A Multicomponent Psychosocial Intervention for Managing Challenging Dementia-Related Behaviors of Veterans. Psychological Services: No Pagination Specified
  63. Karlin BE, Walser RD, Yesavage J, Zhang A, Trockel M, Taylor CB. 2013. Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for depression: Comparison among older and younger veterans. Aging & Mental Health 17: 555-63
  64. Katz, L. S. (2016). Efficacy of Warrior Renew group therapy for female veterans who have experienced military sexual trauma. Psychological Services, 13(4), 364-372
  65. Kearney DJ, McDermott K, Malte C, Martinez M, Simpson TL. 2013. Effects of participation in a mindfulness program for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Clinical Psychology 69: 14-27
  66. King AP, Erickson TM, Giardino ND, Favorite T, Rauch SAM, et al. 2013. A pilot study of group mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy (MBCT) for combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression and Anxiety 30: 638-45
  67. Kintzle, S., Schuyler, A. C., Ray-Letourneau, D., Ozuna, S. M., Munch, C., Xintarianos, E., . . . Castro, C. A. (2015). Sexual trauma in the military: Exploring PTSD and mental health care utilization in female veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 394-401
  68. Kip, K. E., Rosenzweig, L., Hernandez, D. F., Shuman, A., Sullivan, K. L., Long, C. J., Diamond, D. M. (2013). Randomized controlled trial of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART) for symptoms of combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Military Medicine, 178(12), 1298-1309
  69. Koenig CJ, Maguen S, Monroy JD, Mayott L, Seal KH. 2014. Facilitating culture-centered communication between health care providers and veterans transitioning from military deployment to civilian life. Patient Education and Counseling: No Pagination Specified
  70. Kracen AC, Mastnak JM, Loaiza KA, Matthieu MM. 2013. Group therapy among OEF/OIF Veterans: Treatment barriers and preferences. Military Medicine 178: e146-e49
  71. LaMotte AD, Taft CT, Weatherill RP, Scott JP, Eckhardt CI. 2014. Examining intimate partner aggression assessment among returning veterans and their partners. Psychological Assessment 26: 8-15
  72. Landes SJ, Garovoy ND, Burkman KM. 2013. Treating complex trauma among veterans: Three stagebased treatment models. Journal of Clinical Psychology 69: 523-33
  73. Lehavot K, Der-Martirosian C, Simpson TL, Sadler AG, Washington DL. 2013. Barriers to care for women veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms. Psychological Services 10: 203-12
  74. Lehavot, K., Simpson, T. L., & Shipherd, J. C. (2016). Factors associated with suicidality among a national sample of transgender veterans. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 46(5), 507-524.
  75. Logan, J., Bohnert, A., Spies, E., & Jannausch, M. (2016). Suicidal ideation among young Afghanistan/Iraq War Veterans and civilians: Individual, social, and environmental risk factors and perception of unmet mental healthcare needs, United States, 2013. Psychiatry Research, 245, 398-405.
  76. Logan, J. E., A. Skopp, N., Reger, M. A., Gladden, M., Smolenski, D. J., Faye Floyd, C., & Gahm, G. A. (2014). Precipitating circumstances of suicide among active duty u.S. Army personnel versus u.S. Civilians, 2005–2010. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. Advance online publication.
  77. Luxton, D. D., Pruitt, L. D., Wagner, A., Smolenski, D. J., Jenkins-Guarnieri, M. A., & Gahm, G. (2016). Home-based telebehavioral health for U.S. military personnel and veterans with depression: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84(11), 923-934.
  78. Macera, C. A., Aralis, H. J., Highfill-McRoy, R., & Rauh, M. J. (2014). Posttraumatic stress disorder after combat zone deployment among Navy and Marine Corps men and women. Journal of Women's Health, 23(6), 499-505.
  79. Margolies SO, Rybarczyk B, Vrana SR, Leszczyszyn DJ, Lynch J. 2013. Efficacy of a cognitivebehavioral treatment for insomnia and nightmares in Afghanistan and Iraq veterans with PTSD. Journal of Clinical Psychology 69: 1026-42
  80. Marvasti JA, Wank AA. 2013. Suicide in U.S. veterans. American Journal of Forensic Psychology 31: 27-54
  81. Matarazzo BB, Wortzel HS, Holliman BAD, Brenner LA. 2013. Evidence-based intervention strategies for veterans and military personnel with traumatic brain injury and co-morbid mental health conditions: A systematic review. Brain Impairment 14: 42-50
  82. Mawanda, F., Wallace, R. B., McCoy, K., & Abrams, T. E. (2017). PTSD, Psychotropic Medication Use, and the Risk of Dementia Among US Veterans: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
  83. McCarthy JF, Szymanski BR, Karlin BE, Katz IR. 2013. Suicide mortality following nursing home discharge in the Department of Veterans Affairs health system. American Journal of Public Health 103: 2261-66
  84. McCormack, L., & Ell, L. (2016). Complex Psychosocial Distress Postdeployment in Veterans: Reintegration Identity Disruption and Challenged Moral Integrity. Traumatology. Advance online publication.
  85. McDevitt-Murphy ME, Murphy JG, Williams JL, Monahan CJ, Bracken-Minor KL, Fields JA. 2014. Randomized controlled trial of two brief alcohol interventions for oef/oif veterans. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.
  86. McKibben, J. B. A., Fullerton, C. S., Mash, H. B. H., Nock, M. K., Naifeh, J. A., Kessler, R. C., Ursano, R. J. (2014). Suicidal behaviors and the use of mental health services among active duty Army soldiers. Psychiatric Services, 65(3), 374-380.
  87. Mercado, R., Ming Foynes, M., Carpenter, S. L., & Iverson, K. M. (2015). Sexual intimate partner violence as a form of MST: An initial investigation. Psychological Services, 12(4), 348-356.
  88. Mills PD, King LA, Watts BV, Hemphill RR. 2013. Inpatient suicide on mental health units in Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals: Avoiding environmental hazards. General hospital psychiatry 35: 528-36
  89. Mishuris RG, Stewart M, Fix GM, Marcello T, McInnes DK, et al. 2014. Barriers to patient portal access among veterans receiving homebased primary care: A qualitative study. Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care & Health Policy.
  90. Mondragon, S. A., Wang, D., Pritchett, L., Graham, D. P., Plasencia, M. L., & Teng, E. J. (2015). The influence of military sexual trauma on returning OEF/OIF male veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 402-411.
  91. Morgan, J. K., & Desmarais, S. L. (2017). Associations Between Time Since Event and Posttraumatic Growth Among Military Veterans. Military Psychology.
  92. Mott JM, Sutherland RJ, Williams W, Lanier SH, Ready DJ, Teng EJ. 2013. Patient perspectives on the effectiveness and tolerability of group-based exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: Preliminary self-report findings from 20 veterans. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 5: 453-61
  93. Nelson RJ. 2013. Is virtual reality exposure therapy effective for service members and veterans experiencing combat-related PTSD? Traumatology 19: 171-78
  94. Nevinski RL. 2013. Self-expressive writing as a therapeutic intervention for veterans and family members. Journal of Poetry Therapy 26: 201-21
  95. Nock, M. K., Stein, M. B., Heeringa, S. G., Ursano, R. J., Colpe, L. J., Fullerton, C. S., The Army STARRS Collaborators. (2014). Prevalence and correlates of suicidal behavior among soldiers: Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). JAMA Psychiatry, 71(5), 514-522.
  96. O'Brien, C., Keith, J., & Shoemaker, L. (2015). Don't tell: Military culture and male rape. Psychological Services, 12(4), 357-365.
  97. O'Brien BS, Sher L. 2013. Military sexual trauma as a determinant in the development of mental and physical illness in male and female veterans. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 25: 269-74
  98. Odegard TN, Cooper CM, Farris EA, Arduengo J, Bartlett J, Haley R. 2013. Memory impairment exhibited by veterans with Gulf War Illness. Neurocase 19: 316-27
  99. Palmer, G. A., Graca, J. J., & Occhietti, K. E. (2016). Posttraumatic Growth and Its Relationship to Depressive Symptomatology in Veterans With PTSD. Traumatology. Advance online publication.
  100. Pavao J, Turchik JA, Hyun JK, Karpenko J, Saweikis M, et al. 2013. Military sexual trauma among homeless veterans. Journal of General Internal Medicine 28: S536-S41
  101. Pittman, J. O. (2014). Latino Veterans with PTSD: A Systematic Review. Behavioral Sciences, 4(3), 320-340.
  102. Plagge JM, Lu MW, Lovejoy TI, Karl AI, Dobscha SK. 2013. Treatment of comorbid pain and PTSD in returning veterans: A collaborative approach utilizing behavioral activation. Pain Medicine 14: 1164-72
  103. Pompili M, Sher L, Serafini G, Forte A, Innamorati M, et al. 2013. Posttraumatic stress disorder and suicide risk among veterans: A literature review. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 201: 802-12
  104. Possemato, K., McKenzie, S., McDevitt-Murphy, M. E., Williams, J. L., & Ouimette, P. (2014). The relationship between postdeployment factors and PTSD severity in recent combat veterans. Military Psychology, 26(1), 15-22.
  105. Price M, Gros DF, Strachan M, Ruggiero KJ, Acierno R. 2013. Combat experiences, pre-deployment training, and outcome of exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 20: 277-85
  106. Ramsawh, H. J., Fullerton, C. S., Mash, H. B. H., Ng, T. H. H., Kessler, R. C., Stein, M. B., & Ursano, R. J. (2014). Risk for suicidal behaviors associated with PTSD, depression, and their comorbidity in the U.S. Army. Journal of Affective Disorders, 161, 116-122
  107. Reardon, A. F., Hein, C. L., Wolf, E. J., Prince, L. B., Ryabchenko, K., & Miller, M. W. (2014). Intermittent explosive disorder: Associations with PTSD and other Axis I disorders in a US military veteran sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(5), 488-494.
  108. Reber CAS, Boden MT, Mitragotri N, Alvarez J, Gross JJ, Bonn-Miller MO. 2013. A prospective investigation of mindfulness skills and changes in emotion regulation among military veterans in posttraumatic stress disorder treatment. Mindfulness 4: 311-17
  109. Rose, S., Aiken, A., & McColl, M. A. (2014). A Scoping Review of Psychological Interventions for PTSD in Military Personal and Veterans. Military Behavioral Health, in press
  110. Rozanova, J., Noulas, P., Southwick, S. M., & Pietrzak, R. H. (2014). Perceptions of Determinants of Successful Aging among Older US Veterans: Results from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.
  111. Russo AC. 2013. Ethical, legal and risk management considerations in the neuropsychological assessment of veterans. pp. 21-30. Germany: Springer
  112. Ryan, E. T., McGrath, A. C., Creech, S. K., & Borsari, B. (2015). Predicting utilization of healthcare services in the veterans health administration by returning women veterans: The role of trauma exposure and symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Psychological Services, 12(4), 412-419
  113. Sanjuan PM, Thoma R, Claus ED, Mays N, Caprihan A. 2013. Reduced white matter integrity in the cingulum and anterior corona radiata in posttraumatic stress disorder in male combat veterans: A diffusion tensor imaging study. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 214: 260-68
  114. Sayer, N. A., Carlson, K. F., & Frazier, P. A. (2014). Reintegration challenges in U.S. service members and veterans following combat deployment. Social Issues and Policy Review, 8(1), 33-73
  115. Schoenbaum, M., Kessler, R. C., Gilman, S. E., Colpe, L. J., Heeringa, S. G., Stein, M. B., The Army STARRS Collaborators. (2014). Predictors of suicide and accident death in the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS): Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS). JAMA Psychiatry, 71(5), 493-503
  116. Schry, A. R., Hibberd, R., Wagner, H. R., Turchik, J. A., Kimbrel, N. A., Wong, M., .Veterans Affairs Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center Workgroup. (2015). Functional correlates of military sexual assault in male veterans. Psychological Services, 12(4), 384-393
  117. Schumm JA, Fredman SJ, Monson CM, Chard KM. 2013. Cognitive-behavioral conjoint therapy for PTSD: Initial findings for Operations Enduring and Iraqi Freedom male combat Veterans and their partners. American Journal of Family Therapy 41: 277-87
  118. Scurfield, R. M., & Platoni, K. T. (Eds.). (2013). Routledge psychosocial stress series. War trauma and its wake: Expanding the circle of healing. New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.
  119. Shea MT, Lambert J, Reddy MK. 2013. A randomized pilot study of anger treatment for Iraq and Afghanistan veterans. Behaviour Research and Therapy 51: 607-13
  120. Sloan DM, Lee DJ, Litwack SD, Sawyer AT, Marx BP. 2013. Written exposure therapy for veterans diagnosed with PTSD: A pilot study. Journal of Traumatic Stress 26: 776-79
  121. Smelson DA, Kline A, Kuhn J, Rodrigues S, O'Connor K, et al. 2013. A wraparound treatment engagement intervention for homeless veterans with co-occurring disorders. Psychological Services 10: 161-67
  122. Smith, N. B., Mota, N., Tsai, J., Monteith, L., Harpaz-Rotem, I., Southwick, S. M., & Pietrzak, R. H. (2016). Nature and determinants of suicidal ideation among u.S. Veterans: Results from the national health and resilience in veterans study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 197, 66-73.
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38 Helpful Organizations & Programs:

Air Force Aid Society: "The Air Force Aid Society (AFAS) is the official charity of the United States Air Force incorporated in 1942 as a non-profit organization whose mission is to help relieve financial distress of Air Force members and their families and to assist them in financing their higher education goals."

American Red Cross: Among its services: "Using the latest in computer and telecommunications technology, the Red Cross allows military members stationed all over the world to send messages to loved ones back home during an emergency or other important events. These communications are delivered around-the-clock, seven days a week, 365 days a year." In addition: "Red Cross Armed Forces Emergency Services personnel serve in nearly 1,000 chapters in the United States, on 109 military installations around the world and alongside our troops in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Kosovo and Afghanistan."

Books for Soldiers: This service enables anyone who visits the site to fill a request from deployed military personnel for books, DVDs, CDs, video games, and relief supplies. The site emphasizes: "The DoD has discontinued the 'To Any Soldier' program, which was a program where you could address a package 'To Any Soldier' and it would be sent to a random soldier. All packages must be REQUESTED by the troop and this is why we built the site. Soldiers, airmen, Marines, sailors, and Coast Guardsmen give us their address and we send them a package. No more blind drops. Everything is requested by the troop per DoD guidelines." It also states: "Keep in mind, troops are deployed all over the world. We have more than a million troops and only 300,000 are in the Gulf. Books For Soldiers accepts requests for those stationed all over the world."

Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health & Traumatic Brain Injury: "DCoE is the open front door of the Department of Defense for warriors and their families needing help with PH and TBI issues, promoting the resilience, recovery and reintegration of warriors and their families. DCoE partners with the Department of Defense, the Department of Veterans Affairs and a national network of military and civilian agencies, community leaders, advocacy groups, clinical experts, and academic institutions to establish best practices and quality standards for the treatment of PH and TBI. Our work is carried out across these major areas: clinical care; education and training; prevention; research and patient, family and community outreach. In addition, DCoE is working to tear down the stigma that still deters some from seeking treatment for problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and TBI with our Real Warriors campaign."

Disabled American Veterans: "NSOs function as attorneys-in-fact, assisting veterans and their families in filing claims for VA disability compensation and pension; vocational rehabilitation and employment; education; home loan guaranty; life insurance; death benefits; health care and much more. DAV NSOs represent more clients than all other veterans' groups at the highest level of appeal within the Department of Veterans Affairs. What's more, all services provided by DAV NSOs are free of charge."

Federal Benefits for Veterans and Dependents - 2012 Edition: This online guide from the Department of Veteran Affairs informs veterans and their dependents of the variety of federal benefits available.

Fisher House: "Supporting America's military in their time of need, we provide "a home away from home" that enables family members to be close to a loved one at the most stressful time -- during hospitalization for an illness, disease or injury."

G.I. Bill web site: This V.A. web site provides comprehensive information about the G.I. Bill. "You can now search for approved programs of education on our website. You can search for approved programs at colleges, non-college degree granting institutions, licensing & certification granting providers, and national testing providers."

Give An Hour: "dedicated to meeting the mental health needs of the troops and families affected by the ongoing conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. We provide counseling to individuals, couples and families, and children and adolescents. We offer treatment for anxiety, depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injuries, sexual health and intimacy concerns, and loss and grieving.... The mental health professionals who join us are giving an hour of their time each week to provide free mental health services to military personnel and their families."

Legal Information & Resources for Military Personnel and their Families: The Judge Advocate General's Corps provides online legal information and resources in such areas as family matters, financial issues (including taxes), insurance, immigration, housing (including landlord-tenant issues), estates, the Soldiers and Sailors Civil Relief Act, and consumer and contract issues.

Coming Home Project: "The Coming Home Project is a non-profit organization devoted to providing compassionate care, support and stress management tools for Iraq and Afghanistan veterans and their families. We are a group of veterans, psychotherapists and interfaith leaders committed to helping transform the wounds of war. We help veterans and family members rebuild the connectivity of mind, heart, body and spirit that combat trauma can unravel; renew their relationships with loved ones; and create new support networks.... The Coming Home Project offers a range of free services: workshops and retreats; psychological counseling; training for care providers; and community forums. Our programs address the mental, emotional, spiritual and relationship challenges faced by veterans and families before, during and after deployment."

Military HOMEFRONT: The "official Department of Defense web site for reliable Quality of Life information designed to help troops and their families, leaders and service providers. Whether you live the military lifestyle or support those who do, you'll find what you need!"

Military Kids Connect: "An initiative of the National Center for Telehealth & Technology (T2), the Department of Defense agency formed in 2008 to test, evaluate and leverage available and emerging software and hardware in support of psychological health and traumatic brain injury in the broad military community," Military Kids Connect is, according to its website, "an online community of military children (ages 6-17 yr old) that provides access to age-appropriate resources to support children from pre-deployment, through a parent's or caregiver's return. MKC offers informative activities, fun games, helpful videos, and interesting user surveys that can guild and reinforce understanding, resilience, and coping skills in military children and their peers."

Military Spouse Career Center: A site that helps military spouses find jobs.

National Center for PTSD: The mission of this program, which is within the Department of Veteran Affairs, is "to advance the clinical care and social welfare of America's veterans through research, education, and training in the science, diagnosis, and treatment of PTSD and stress-related disorders."

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans: "The National Coalition for Homeless Veterans (NCHV) the resource and technical assistance center for a national network of community-based service providers and local, state and federal agencies that provide emergency and supportive housing, food, health services, job training and placement assistance, legal aid and case management support for hundreds of thousands of homeless veterans each year."

National Military Family Association: Among this organization's primary purposes is "to educate military families concerning their rights, benefits and services available to them and to inform them regarding the issues that affect their lives."

National Personnel Records Center--Military Personnel Records: "This site is provided for those seeking information regarding military personnel, health and medical records stored at NPRC (MPR). If you are a veteran or next-of-kin of a deceased veteran, you may now use to order a copy of your military records. For all others, your request is best made using a Standard Form 180. It includes complete instructions for preparing and submitting requests."

Operation Family Fund: This program provides "financial grants for immediate or long-term needs to the Families of soldiers who have been killed or severely disabled as part of the world wide war on terrorism."

Operation Military Support: This program receives "names of military personnel that are not receiving mail or packages from home and assigns them a volunteer who wants to write and send packages to them."

Project Welcome Home Troops: This project "aims to address the intense distress some returning veterans experience.... A resilience-building program specifically designed to address the needs of returning combat veterans."

Returning Veterans Project: Their website notes that "Returning Veterans Project is a nonprofit organization comprised of politically unaffiliated and independent health care practitioners who offer free and confidential services to returning veterans and service members of the current Iraq and Afghanistan campaigns and their families. Services are available in Oregon and Southwest Washington."

Seamless Transition: This Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) web site provides resources for Active Duty, National Guard and Reserve service members who are returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. It includes a locator for the local V.A. hospital.

SOFAR: Strategic Outreach to Families of All Reservists: "a pro bono mental health project that provides free psychological support, psychotherapy, psychoeducation and prevention services to extended family of reserve and national guard deployed during the Global War on Terrorism from time of alert through the period of reunion and reintegration."

Soldiers Project: "The Soldiers Project is a private, non-profit, independent group of volunteer licensed mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, registered nurses and marriage and family therapists. We provide free counseling and support to military service members who have served or who expect to serve in the Iraq and/or Afghanistan conflicts and to veterans of those conflicts. We see active duty as well as members of activated Reserve or Guard units. In addition, our services are available to the families and other loved ones of service members. We provide help to service members and families struggling with issues related to the overwhelming trauma of war including the cycle from pre-deployment to deployment to homecoming and re-entry to civilian life. Our services are readily accessible and entirely free of charge. We do not report to any government agency."

Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors: "a national non-profit organization made up of, and providing services to, all those who have lost a loved one while serving in the Armed Forces. The heart of TAPS is our national military survivor peer support network. We also offer grief counseling referral, case worker assistance and crisis information, all available to help families and military personnel cope and recover. We provide these services 24 hours a day free of charge."

Triwest Healthcare Alliance Behavioral Health Resources [at the site, choose "Behavioral Health"]: This site offers "practice guidelines, assessment tools, and a number of other resources to help you assist patients experiencing depression, stress, PTSD, substance use disorders and more. From locating a specialty provider to supporting a family managing a diagnosis..."

U.S. Army Suicide Prevention Program: This U.S. Army site provides a wide variety of information and resources for suicide prevention. "In partnership with, veterans, active duty, guard and reserve can search for thousands of jobs for veterans from employeers who value military experience. Plus a special section for security clearance jobs."

Veterans Law Library: "A Comprehensive Collection of Materials Relating to the Veterans Benefits Adjudication Process."

Vets4Vets: "Our primary goal is to help Iraq and Afghanistan-era veterans understand the value of peer support and to regularly use peer support to express their emotions, manage their challenges and ease their reintegration into society. Our vision is that anytime a veteran needs to talk with someone who really understands, a local Vets4Vets peer support group is available at no cost. We envision Vets4Vets being a common name in the minds of all veterans as a place where they, and their comrades, can go to heal."

Virtual Naval Library: This site is a digital collection of naval medicine and military medicine texts.

Warrior Canine Connection:  This program "serves four vital military missions: (1) Provide Service Members and Veterans with PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) the opportunity to be part of a critical military-support mission helping fellow Wounded Warriors. (2) Offer a safe, effective, and inexpensive non-pharmaceutical therapeutic intervention for the treatment of PTSD. (3) Provide highly skilled service dogs that will provide years of mobility and social support to Veterans with disabilities. (4) Strengthen the bonds and relieve stress in military families."

United States Military Organizations:

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