Alzheimer's Resources

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Resources for People with Alzheimer's, Family, & Clinicians

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

I gathered the resources on this page to help people with Alzheimer's, families, and the clinicians who work with them to find information, support, and other resources.

This site was created to be fully accessible for people with disabilities; please follow this link to change text size, color, or contrast; please follow this link for other accessibility functions for those with visual, mobility, and other disabilities

PLEASE NOTE: This web site includes 5 other pages of related sets of resources (as well as those topics listed along the left side of each page of this site):

I've organized the resources below into 4 groups:

  1. Psychological & Other Nonmedical Interventions for Alzheimer's: 89 Articles Published in 2011-2018

  2. Exercise & Alzheimer's: 78 Articles on Prevention & Intervention

  3. 28 Helpful Alzheimer's & Dementia Books

  4. Links to 20 Websites

I hope you find these resources helpful.

Psychological & Other Nonmedical Interventions for Alzheimer's: 89 Articles Published in 2011-2018

  1. Alnes, R. E., Kirkevold, M., & Skovdahl, K. (2011). Insights gained through Marte Meo Counselling: Experiences of nurses in dementia specific care units. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 6(2), 123-132.

  2. Alves, J., Magalhães, R., Thomas, R. E., Gonçalves, Ó. F., Petrosyan, A., & Sampaio, A. (2013). Is there evidence for cognitive intervention in Alzheimer disease? A systematic review of efficacy, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 27(3), 195-203.

  3. Bademli, K., Lök, N., & Selçuk-Tosun, A. (2018). The effect of reminiscence therapy on cognitive functions, depression, and quality of life in alzheimer patients: Randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Advance online publication.

  4. Barnard, N. D., Bush, A. I., Ceccarelli, A., Cooper, J., de Jager, C. A., Erickson, K. I., & Squitti, R. (2014). Dietary and lifestyle guidelines for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Neurobiology of aging, 35, S74-S78.

  5. Bédard, A., Landreville, P., Voyer, P., Verreault, R., & Vézina, J. (2011). Reducing verbal agitation in people with dementia: Evaluation of an intervention based on the satisfaction of basic needs. Aging & Mental Health, 15(7), 855-865. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2011.569480

  6. Bernabei, V., De Ronchi, D., La Ferla, T., Moretti, F., Tonelli, L., Ferrari, B., Atti, A. R. (2013). Animal-assisted interventions for elderly patients affected by dementia or psychiatric disorders: A review. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(6), 762-773.

  7. Bharwani, G., Parikh, P. J., Lawhorne, L. W., VanVlymen, E., & Bharwani, M. (2012). Individualized behavior management program for Alzheimer's/dementia residents using behavior-based ergonomic therapies. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 27(3), 188-195

  8. Bredesen, D. E., Amos, E. C., Canick, J., Ackerley, M., Raji, C., Fiala, M., & Ahdidan, J. (2016). Reversal of cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. Aging, 8(6), 1250.

  9. Breede, D. C. (2013). ReMembering mother: Reconstituting voice and identity through narrative with Alzheimer's patients. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 18(5), 461-471.

  10. Camic, P. M., Williams, C. M., & Meeten, F. (2013). Does a 'Singing Together Group' improve the quality of life of people with a dementia and their carers? A pilot evaluation study. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 12(2), 157-176.

  11. Cheston, R., & Ivanecka, A. (2017). Individual and group psychotherapy with people diagnosed with dementia: A systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 32(1), 3-31.

  12. Choi, J., & Twamley, E. W. (2013). Cognitive rehabilitation therapies for Alzheimer's disease: A review of methods to improve treatment engagement and self-efficacy. Neuropsychology Review, 23(1), 48-62.

  13. Clare, L., Evans, S., Parkinson, C., Woods, R., & Linden, D. (2011). Goal-setting in cognitive rehabilitation for people with early-stage Alzheimer's disease. Clinical Gerontologist: The Journal of Aging and Mental Health, 34(3), 220-236. doi: 10.1080/07317115.2011.555937

  14. Clément, S., Tonini, A., Khatir, F., Schiaratura, L., & Samsony, S. (2012). Short and longer term effects of musical intervention in severe Alzheimer's disease. Music Perception, 29(5), 533-541.

  15. DenBoer, J. W. (2018). Cognitive intervention for early stage dementia: Research and techniques. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 25(6), 562-571.

  16. Duff, M. C., Gallegos, D. R., Cohen, N. J., & Tranel, D. (2013). Learning in Alzheimer's disease is facilitated by social interaction. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 521(18), 4356-4369.

  17. El Haj, M., Clément, S., Fasotti, L., & Allain, P. (2013). Effects of music on autobiographical verbal narration in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 26(6), 691-700.

  18. El Haj, M., Postal, V., & Allain, P. (2012). Music enhances autobiographical memory in mild Alzheimer's disease. Educational Gerontology, 38(1), 30-41.

  19. Elvish, R., Lever, S.-J., Johnstone, J., Cawley, R., & Keady, J. (2013). Psychological interventions for carers of people with dementia: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence. Counselling & Psychotherapy Research, 13(2), 106-125.

  20. Ericson, A., & Eriksson, S. (2013). Intensive short-term dynamic psychotherapy in dementia: A pilot study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(8), 877-878.

  21. Ferrero-Arias, J., Goñi-Imízcoz, M., González-Bernal, J., Lara-Ortega, F., da Silva-González, A., & Díez-Lopez, M. (2011). The efficacy of nonpharmacological treatment for dementia-related apathy. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 25(3), 213-219. doi: 10.1097/WAD.0b013e3182087dbc

  22. Fischer-Terworth, C., & Probst, P. (2011). Evaluation of a TEACCH- and music therapy-based psychological intervention in mild to moderate dementia: A controlled trial. GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry, 24(2), 93-101. doi: 10.1024/1662-9647/a000037

  23. Fukui, S., Okada, S., Nishimoto, Y., & Nelson-Becker, H. B. (2011). The repeated appeal to return home in older adults with dementia: Developing a model for practice. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 26(1), 39-54. doi: 10.1007/s10823-010-9133-7

  24. Guaita, A., & Jones, M. (2011). A “prosthetic” approach for individuals with dementia? JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 305(4), 402-403. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.28

  25. Guetin, S., Charras, K., Berard, A., Arbus, C., Berthelon, P., Blanc, F., & Leger, J.-M. (2013). An overview of the use of music therapy in the context of Alzheimer's disease: A report of a French expert group. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 12(5), 619-634.

  26. Hafford-Letchfield, T. (2013). Funny things happen at the grange: Introducing comedy activities in day services to older people with dementia—innovative practice. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 12(6), 840-852.

  27. Hammar, L. M., Emami, A., Engström, G., & Götell, E. (2011). Communicating through caregiver singing during morning care situations in dementia care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 25(1), 160-168. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00806.x

  28. Hammar, L. M., Emami, A., Götell, E., & Engström, G. (2011). The impact of caregivers' singing on expressions of emotion and resistance during morning care situations in persons with dementia: An intervention in dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20(7-8), 969-978. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03386.x

  29. Han, P., Kwan, M., Chen, D., Yusoff, S. Z., Chionh, H. L., Goh, J., et al. (2011). A controlled naturalistic study on a weekly music therapy and activity program on disruptive and depressive behaviors in dementia. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 30(6), 540-546. doi: 10.1159/000321668

  30. Hanser, S. B., Butterfield-Whitcomb, J., Kawata, M., & Collins, B. E. (2011). Home-based music strategies with individuals who have dementia and their family caregivers. Journal of Music Therapy, 48(1), 2-27.

  31. Hopper, T., Bourgeois, M., Pimentel, J., Dean Qualls, C., Hickey, E., Frymark, T., & Schooling, T. (2013). An evidence-based systematic review on cognitive interventions for individuals with dementia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 22(1), 126-145.

  32. Janata, P. (2012). Effects of widespread and frequent personalized music programming on agitation and depression in assisted living facility residents with Alzheimer-type dementia. Music and Medicine, 4(1), 8-15.

  33. Janzen, S., Zecevic, A. A., Kloseck, M., & Orange, J. B. (2013). Managing agitation using nonpharmacological interventions for seniors with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 28(5), 524-532.

  34. Jha, A., Jan, F., Gale, T., & Newman, C. (2013). Effectiveness of a recovery-orientated psychiatric intervention package on the wellbeing of people with early dementia: A preliminary randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(6), 589-596.

  35. Jokinen, N., Janicki, M. P., Keller, S. M., McCallion, P., Force, L. T., & The National Task Group on Intellectual Disabilities and Dementia Practices. (2013). Guidelines for structuring community care and supports for people with intellectual disabilities affected by dementia. Journal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities, 10(1), 1-24.

  36. Kaneko, Y., Butler, J. P., Saitoh, E., Horie, T., Fujii, M., & Sasaki, H. (2013). Efficacy of white noise therapy for dementia patients with schizophrenia. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 13(3), 808-810.

  37. Kortte, K. B., & Rogalski, E. J. (2013). Behavioural interventions for enhancing life participation in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia and primary progressive aphasia. International Review of Psychiatry, 25(2), 237-245.

  38. Leahcy, A., & Singleton, J. F. (2011). Utilizing therapeutic recreation to empower persons with Alzheimer's in a day center. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 45(2), 135-146.

  39. Liberati, G., Raffone, A., & Olivetti Belardinelli, M. (2012). Cognitive reserve and its implications for rehabilitation and Alzheimer's disease. Cognitive Processing, 13(1), 1-12.

  40. Lin, Y., Chu, H., Yang, C.-Y., Chen, C.-H., Chen, S.-G., Chang, H.-J., et al. (2011). Effectiveness of group music intervention against agitated behavior in elderly persons with dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 26(7), 670-678. doi: 10.1002/gps.2580

  41. Mabire, J.-B., Aquino, J.-P., & Charras, K. (2018). Dance interventions for people with dementia: Systematic review and practice recommendations. International Psychogeriatrics. Advance online publication.

  42. Mak, W. (2011). Self-reported goal pursuit and purpose in life among people with dementia. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 66B(2), 177-184. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbq092

  43. McDermott, O., Crellin, N., Ridder, H. M., & Orrell, M. (2013). Music therapy in dementia: A narrative synthesis systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(8), 781-794.

  44. McKenzie, B., Bowen, M. E., Keys, K., & Bulat, T. (2013). Safe home program: A suite of technologies to support extended home care of persons with dementia. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 28(4), 348-354.

  45. McLaren, A. N., LaMantia, M. A., & Callahan, C. M. (2013). Systematic review of non-pharmacologic interventions to delay functional decline in community-dwelling patients with dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 17(6), 655-666.

  46. Mimica, N., & Kalini?, D. (2011). Art therapy may be beneficial for reducing stress-related behaviours in people with dementia—Case report. Psychiatria Danubina, 23(1), 125-128.

  47. Moniz-Cook, E., Vernooij-Dassen, M., Woods, B., & Orrell, M. (2011). Psychosocial interventions in dementia care research: The INTERDEM manifesto. Aging & Mental Health, 15(3), 283-290. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2010.543665

  48. Monnat, M. L. (2011). Incorporating occupational therapy to decrease agitation in nursing home residents with dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59(3), 556-557. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.03297.x

  49. Moon, H., & Adams, K. B. (2013). The effectiveness of dyadic interventions for people with dementia and their caregivers. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 12(6), 821-839.

  50. Mosconi, L., Murray, J., Tsui, W. H., Li, Y., Davies, M., Williams, S., & de Leon, M. J. (2014). Mediterranean Diet and Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Assessed Brain Atrophy in Cognitively Normal Individuals at Risk for Alzheimer's Disease. The journal of prevention of Alzheimer's disease, 1(1), 23.

  51. Mossello, E., Ridolfi, A., Mello, A. M., Lorenzini, G., Mugnai, F., Piccini, C., et al. (2011). Animal-assisted activity and emotional status of patients with Alzheimer's disease in day care. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(6), 899-905. doi: 10.1017/s1041610211000226

  52. Moussard, A., Bigand, E., Belleville, S., & Peretz, I. (2012). Music as an aid to learn new verbal information in Alzheimer's disease. Music Perception, 29(5), 521-531.

  53. Moyle, W., Murfield, J. E., O'Dwyer, S., & Van Wyk, S. (2013). The effect of massage on agitated behaviours in older people with dementia: A literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(5-6), 601-610.

  54. Ngandu, T., Lehtisalo, J., Solomon, A., Levälahti, E., Ahtiluoto, S., Antikainen, R., & Kivipelto, M. (2015). A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet.

  55. Nicholls, D., Chang, E., Johnson, A., & Edenborough, M. (2013). Touch, the essence of caring for people with end-stage dementia: A mental health perspective in Namaste Care. Aging & Mental Health, 17(5), 571-578.

  56. Noonan, K. A., Pryer, L. R., Jones, R. W., Burns, A. S., & Lambon Ralph, M. A. (2012). A direct comparison of errorless and errorful therapy for object name relearning in Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 22(2), 215-234

  57. Noone, D., Stott, J., Aguirre, E., Llanfear, K., & Spector, A. (2018). Meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and anxiety or depression. Aging & Mental Health. Advance online publication.

  58. Norton, S., Matthews, F. E., Barnes, D. E., Yaffe, K., & Brayne, C. (2014). Potential for primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease: an analysis of population-based data. Lancet Neurology, 13(8), 788-794.

  59. Ogawa, N., Hosomi, J., Koura, S., Oshikawa, T., Tateishi, N., Tanaka, M., . . . Tanigawa, Y. (2012). Intervention for several behavioural disorders in Alzheimer's-type dementia. Psychogeriatrics, 12(2), 133-136.

  60. Otera, M., Horike, H., & Saito, T. (2013). Musical life review for the elderly with dementia as spiritual care—Clinical functions and roles of meaningful or memorable songs. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 40(3), 285-290.

  61. Passoni, S., Moroni, L., Toraldo, A., Mazzà, M. T., Bertolotti, G., Vanacore, N., & Bottini, G. (2014). Cognitive behavioral group intervention for Alzheimer caregivers. Alzheimer Disease & Associated Disorders, 28(3), 275-282.

  62. Paukert, A. L., Kraus-Schuman, C., Wilson, N., Snow, A. L., Calleo, J., Kunik, M. E., & Stanley, M. A. (2013). The peaceful mind manual: A protocol for treating anxiety in persons with dementia. Behavior Modification, 37(5), 631-664.

  63. Paúl, C., Teixeira, L., Duarte, N., Pires, C. L., & Ribeiro, O. (2018). Effects of a community intervention program for dementia on mental health: The importance of secondary caregivers in promoting positive aspects and reducing strain. Community Mental Health Journal. Advance online publication.

  64. Peisah, C., Lawrence, G., & Reutens, S. (2011). Creative solutions for severe dementia with BPSD: A case of art therapy used in an inpatient and residential care setting. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(6), 1011-1013. doi: 10.1017/s1041610211000457

  65. Pot, A. M. (2013). Improving nursing home care for dementia: Is the environment the answer? Aging & Mental Health, 17(7), 785-787.

  66. Ridder, H. M., Stige, B., Qvale, L. G., & Gold, C. (2013). Individual music therapy for agitation in dementia: An exploratory randomized controlled trial. Aging & Mental Health, 17(6), 667-678.

  67. Robertson, J., Evans, D., & Horsnell, T. (2013). Side by side: A workplace engagement program for people with younger onset dementia. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, 12(5), 666-674.

  68. Robinson, C. M., Paukert, A., Kraus-Schuman, C. A., Snow, A. L., Kunik, M. E., Wilson, N. L., et al. (2011). The involvement of multiple caregivers in cognitive-behavior therapy for anxiety in persons with dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 15(3), 291-298. doi: 10.1080/13607860903493374

  69. Russ, T. C., Batty, G. D., & Starr, & J. M. (2012). Cognitive and behavioural predictors of survival in Alzheimer disease: Results from a sample of treated patients in a tertiary-referral memory clinic. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27(8), 844-853.

  70. Sanders, S., & Swails, P. (2011). A quest for meaning: Hospice social workers and patients with end-stage dementia. Social Work, 56(2), 129-140.

  71. Sattler, C., Toro, P., Schönknecht, P., & Schröder, J. (2012). Cognitive activity, education and socioeconomic status as preventive factors for mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Psychiatry Research, 196(1), 90-95.

  72. Savage, S. A., Ballard, K. J., Piguet, O., & Hodges, J. R. (2013). Bringing words back to mind—Improving word production in semantic dementia. Cortex: A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, 49(7), 1823-1832.

  73. Schweizer, T. A., Ware, J., Fischer, C. E., Craik, F. I. M., & Bialystok, E. (2012). Bilingualism as a contributor to cognitive reserve: Evidence from brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease. Cortex: A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior, I(8), 991-996.

  74. Shinto, L., Quinn, J., Montine, T., Dodge, H. H., Woodward, W., Baldauf-Wagner, S., & Kaye, J. (2014). A randomized placebo-controlled pilot trial of omega-3 fatty acids and alpha lipoic acid in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD, 38(1).

  75. Singh, B., Parsaik, A. K., Mielke, M. M., Erwin, P. J., Knopman, D. S., Petersen, R. C., & Roberts, R. O. (2014). Association of Mediterranean diet with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD, 39(2), 271.

  76. Small, J. (2012). A new frontier in spaced retrieval memory training for persons with Alzheimer's disease. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 22(3), 329-361.

  77. Stanley, M. A., Calleo, J., Bush, A. L., Wilson, N., Snow, A. L., Kraus-Schuman, C., Kunik, M. E. (2013). The Peaceful Mind program: A pilot test of a cognitive–behavioral therapy–based intervention for anxious patients with Dementia. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 21(7), 696-708.

  78. Terracciano, A., Iacono, D., O'Brien, R. J., Troncoso, J. C., An, Y., Sutin, A. R., & Resnick, S. M. (2012). Personality and resilience to alzheimer's disease neuropathology: A prospective autopsy study. Neurobiology of Aging.

  79. Thivierge, S., Jean, L., & Simard, M. (2014). A randomized cross-over controlled study on cognitive rehabilitation of instrumental activities of daily living in Alzheimer disease. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 22(11), 1188-1199.

  80. Tonga, J. B., Karlsoeen, B. B., Arnevik, E. A., Werheid, K., Korsnes, M. S., & Ulstein, I. D. (2016). Challenges with manual-based multimodal psychotherapy for people with Alzheimer's disease: A case study. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 31(4), 311-317

  81. Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., & Morton, J. (2013). An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia. Anthrozoös, 26(2), 213-225.

  82. Vann, A. S. (2011). Ten things you should do when the diagnosis is Alzheimer's. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 26(2), 93-96. doi: 10.1177/1533317510397332

  83. van Paasschen, J., Clare, L., Yuen, K. S. L., Woods, R. T., Evans, S. J., Parkinson, C. H., Linden, D. E. J. (2013). Cognitive rehabilitation changes memory-related brain activity in people with Alzheimer disease. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 27(5), 448-459.

  84. Vasionyte, I., & Madison, G. (2013). Musical intervention for patients with dementia: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(9-10), 1203-1216.

  85. Vink, A. C., Zuidersma, M., Boersma, F., de Jonge, P., Zuidema, S. U., & Slaets, J. P. J. (2013). The effect of music therapy compared with general recreational activities in reducing agitation in people with dementia: A randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(10), 1031-1038

  86. Weber, S. R., Pirraglia, P. A., & Kunik, M. E. (2011). Use of services by community-dwelling patients with dementia: A systematic review. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 26(3), 195-204. doi: 10.1177/1533317510392564

  87. Wu, Y.-T., Clare, L., Jones, I. R., Martyr, A., Nelis, S. M., Quinn, C., . . . Matthews, F. E. (2018). Inequalities in living well with dementia—the impact of deprivation on well-being, quality of life and life satisfaction: Results from the improving the experience of dementia and enhancing active life study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. Advance online publication.

  88. Yamaguchi, H., Maki, Y., & Takahashi, K. (2011). Rehabilitation for dementia using enjoyable video-sports games. International Psychogeriatrics, 23(4), 674-676. doi: 10.1017/s1041610210001912

  89. Yeaman, P. A., Ford, J. L., & Kim, K. Y. (2013). Providing quality palliative care in end-stage Alzheimer disease. American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine, 30(5), 499-502.

Exercise, Alzheimer's, & Other Dementias: 78 Articles on Prevention & Intervention

  1. Adlard, P. A., Perreau, V. M., Pop, V., & Cotman, C. W. (2005). Voluntary Exercise Decreases Amyloid Load in a Transgenic Model of Alzheimer's Disease. The Journal of Neuroscience, 25(17), 4217-4221. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.0496-05.2005

  2. Akishita, M., Yamada, S., Nishiya, H., Sonohara, K., Nakai, R., & Toba, K. (2005). Effects of physical exercise on plasma concentrations of sex hormones in elderly women with dementia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(6), 1076-1077. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2005.53338_4.x

  3. Andel, R., Crowe, M., Pedersen, N. L., Fratiglioni, L., Johansson, B., & Gatz, M. (2008). Physical exercise at midlife and risk of dementia three decades later: A population-based study of Swedish twins. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 63A(1), 62-66.

  4. Archer, T. (2011). Physical exercise alleviates debilities of normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 123(4), 221-238. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2010.01412.x

  5. Arkin, S. (2007). Language-enriched exercise plus socialization slows cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 22(1), 62-77. doi: 10.1177/1533317506295377

  6. Arkin, S. M. (1999). Elder rehab: A student-supervised exercise program for Alzheimer's patients. The Gerontologist, 39(6), 729-735.

  7. Arkin, S. M. (2003). Student-led exercise sessions yield significant fitness gains for Alzheimer's patients. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias, 18(3), 159-170. doi: 10.1177/153331750301800302

  8. Baker, L. D., Frank, L. L., Foster-Schubert, K., Green, P. S., Wilkinson, C. W., McTiernan, A., et al. (2010). Aerobic exercise improves cognition for older adults with glucose intolerance, a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 22(2), 569-579.

  9. Barnes, D. E., Mehling, W., Wu, E., Beristianos, M., Yaffe, K., Skultety, K., & Chesney, M. A. (2015). Preventing loss of independence through Exercise (PLIÉ): A pilot clinical trial in older adults with dementia. PloS one, 10(2).

  10. Blumenthal, J. A., Babyak, M. A., & Sherwood, A. (2009). Diet, exercise habits, and risk of Alzheimer disease. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(22), 2431. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.1790

  11. Bonner, A. P., & Cousins, S. O. B. (1996). Exercise and Alzheimer's disease: Benefits and barriers. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 20(4), 21-34. doi: 10.1300/J016v20n04_02

  12. Brown, D., Spanjers, K., Atherton, N., Lowe, J., Stonehewer, L., Bridle, C., & Lamb, S. E. (2015). Development of an exercise intervention to improve cognition in people with mild to moderate dementia: Dementia And Physical Activity (DAPA) Trial, registration ISRCTN32612072. Physiotherapy, 101(2), 126-134.

  13. Cancela, J. M., Ayán, C., Varela, S., & Seijo, M. (2015). Effects of a long-term aerobic exercise intervention on institutionalized patients with dementia. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.

  14. Cevasco, A. M., & Grant, R. E. (2003). Comparison of different methods for eliciting exercise-to-music for clients with Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Music Therapy, 40(1), 41-56.

  15. Chang, S. H., Chen, C. Y., Shen, S. H., & Chiou, J. H. (2011). The effectiveness of an exercise programme for elders with dementia in a Taiwanese day-care centre. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 17(3), 213-220. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2011.01928.x

  16. Coelho, F. G., Andrade, L. P., Pedroso, R. V., Santos-Galduroz, R. F., Gobbi, S., Costa, J. L., & Gobbi, L. T. (2012). Multimodal exercise intervention improves frontal cognitive functions and gait in Alzheimer's disease: A controlled trial. Geriatr Gerontol Int. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0594.2012.00887.x

  17. Cui, M. Y., Lin, Y., Sheng, J. Y., Zhang, X., & Cui, R. J. (2018). Exercise intervention associated with cognitive improvement in Alzheimer's disease. Neural Plasticity, 2018, Article ID 9234105.

  18. Davis, J. C., Bryan, S., Marra, C. A., Sharma, D., Chan, A., Beattie, B. L., & Liu-Ambrose, T. (2013). An economic evaluation of resistance training and aerobic training versus balance and toning exercises in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. PLoS ONE, 8(5). Article ID e63031.

  19. de Melo Coelho, F. G., Andrade, L. P., Pedroso, R. V., Santos-Galduroz, R. F., Gobbi, S., Costa, J. L. R., & Gobbi, L. T. B. (2013). Multimodal exercise intervention improves frontal cognitive functions and gait in Alzheimer's disease: A controlled trial. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 13(1), 198-203.

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28 Helpful Books for People with Alzheimer's, Family, & Clinicians

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