Self-Care Resources for Clinicians

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Resources for Clinicians' Self-Care:

Enhancing Well-Being & Avoiding Burnout -

92 Recent Books & Articles

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

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I gathered together the following information to help clinicians keep abreast of the latest books and peer-reviewed articles on clinicians' self-care, enhancing well-being, and avoiding burnout.

The ethics book by Melba Vasquez, Ph.D., ABPP, and me includes a chapter emphasizing the ethic of self-care.  The chapter recommends "creating strategies for self-care as early as possible in your education, training, and practice. Neglecting self-care early on can drain the enthusiasm, joy, resilience, and meaning out of a career. It can hurt our ability to practice ethically. It can sink us in discouragement, compassion fatigue, and burnout."

The chapter discusses each of the possible consequences of neglecting self-care, including:

It also discusses strategies for addressing common problem areas, including:

So crucial is the ethic of self-care that it is worth keeping up with the rapidly evolving theory, research, and practice in this area.

This web page presents recent (i.e., published in 2012-2015) cites for books and peer-reviewed journal articles addressing clinician self-care, well-being, and burnout.  The titles include, for example:

Because the literature on self-care, well-being, and burnout is so vast, the lists below are limited to books and articles focusing specifically on clinicians' self-care, well-being, or burnout.

RECENT BOOKS (2012-2015): 

Hughes, G. (2014). Competence and self-care in counselling and psychotherapy. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Kottler, Jeffrey A. (2012), The Therapist's Workbook: Self-Assessment, Self-Care, and Self-Improvement Exercises for Mental Health Professionals (2nd ed.)  John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Malinowski, A. J. (2014). Self-Care for the Mental Health Practitioner: The Theory, Research, and Practice of Preventing and Addressing the Occupational Hazards of the Profession. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Skovholt, Thomas M., and Michelle J. Trotter-Mathison. (2014). The resilient practitioner: Burnout prevention and self-care strategies for counselors, therapists, teachers, and health professionals. Routledge.

88 RECENT ARTICLES (2012-2015):

Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2013). Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: The experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(4), 267-277.

Boudrias, Jean-Sebastien, Morin, Alexandre J. S., and Brodeur, Marie-Michele (2012), 'Role of psychological empowerment in the reduction of burnout in Canadian healthcare workers', Nursing & Health Sciences, 14 (1), 8-17.

Breiddal, Susan Mary Frownes (2012), 'Self-care in palliative care: A way of being', Illness, Crisis, & Loss, 20 (1), 5-17.

Buchele, Bonnie J. (2012), 'The AGPA Institute as a boost to therapist resilience in a post-9/11 world', International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 62 (4), 615-25.

Campagne, Daniel M. (2012), 'When therapists run out of steam: Professional boredom or burnout?', Revista de Psicopatologia y Psicologia Clinica, 17 (1), 75-85.

Caruso, A., et al. (2012), 'Burnout among physicians and nurses working in oncology', Med Lav, 103 (2), 96-105.

Chang, Elaine, Eddins-Folensbee, Florence, and Coverdale, John (2012), 'Survey of the prevalence of burnout, stress, depression, and the use of supports by medical students at one school', Academic Psychiatry, 36 (3), 177-82.

Cimiotti, J. P., et al. (2012), 'Nurse staffing, burnout, and health care-associated infection', Am J Infect Control, 40 (6), 486-90.

Cleary, M., Jackson, D., & Hungerford, C. L. (2014). Mental health nursing in Australia: Resilience as a means of sustaining the specialty. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(1), 33-40.

Costa, E. F., et al. (2012), 'Burnout Syndrome and associated factors among medical students: a cross-sectional study', Clinics (Sao Paulo), 67 (6), 573-80.

Dang, Y., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2015). Promoting Counselor Professional and Personal Well-Being Through Advocacy. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 1-13.

de Rooij, A. H., et al. (2012), 'Professional caregivers' mental health problems and burnout in small-scale and traditional long term care settings for elderly people with dementia in the Netherlands and Belgium', J Am Med Dir Assoc, 13 (5), 486 e7-11.

Dorian, M., & Killebrew, J. E. (2014). A study of mindfulness and self-care: a path to self-compassion for female therapists in training. Women & Therapy, 37(1-2), 155-163.

Dyrbye, L. N., et al. (2012), 'A Multi-institutional Study Exploring the Impact of Positive Mental Health on Medical Students' Professionalism in an Era of High Burnout', Acad Med, 87 (8), 1024-31.

Eagle, S., Creel, A., and Alexandrov, A. (2012), 'The Effect of Facilitated Peer Support Sessions on Burnout and Grief Management among Health Care Providers in Pediatric Intensive Care Units: A Pilot Study', J Palliat Med.

Eddy, Kamryn T. (2013), 'Patient Mortality as a Predictor of Burnout Among Clinicians Specializing in Eating Disorders', Psychotherapy.

Garcia-Izquierdo, M. and Rios-Risquez, M. I. (2012), 'The relationship between psychosocial job stress and burnout in emergency department: An exploratory study', Nurs Outlook.

Garcia, H. A., McGeary, C. A., McGeary, D. D., Finley, E. P., & Peterson, A. L. (2014). Burnout in veterans health administration mental health providers in posttraumatic stress clinics. Psychological Services, 11(1), 50-59.

Gascon, S., Leiter, M. P., Andres, E., Santed, M. A., Pereira, J. P., Cunha, M. J., & Martinez-Jarreta, B. (2013). The role of aggressions suffered by healthcare workers as predictors of burnout. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(21-22), 3120-3129.

Geoffrion, S., Morselli, C., & Guay, S. (2015). Rethinking Compassion Fatigue Through the Lens of Professional Identity The Case of Child-Protection Workers. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838015584362.

Gockel, A., Burton, D., James, S., & Bryer, E. (2013). Introducing mindfulness as a self-care and clinical training strategy for beginning social work students. Mindfulness, 4(4), 343-353.

Goodman, Matthew J. and Schorling, John B. (2012), 'A mindfulness course decreases burnout and improves well-being among healthcare providers', International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 43 (2), 119-28.

Gorgens-Ekermans, G. and Brand, T. (2012), 'Emotional intelligence as a moderator in the stress-burnout relationship: a questionnaire study on nurses', J Clin Nurs, 21 (15-16), 2275-85.

Gosseries, O., et al. (2012), 'Burnout in healthcare workers managing chronic patients with disorders of consciousness', Brain Inj.

Green, A. E., Albanese, B. J., Shapiro, N. M., & Aarons, G. A. (2014). The roles of individual and organizational factors in burnout among community-based mental health service providers. Psychological Services, 11(1), 41-49.

Gupta, S., et al. (2012), 'Experiences of burnout and coping strategies utilized by occupational therapists', Can J Occup Ther, 79 (2), 86-95.

Hadad, Elad and Ben-Shahar, Asaf Rolef (2012), 'The things we're taking home with us: Understanding thearpist's self-care in trauma work', International Journal of Psychotherapy, 16 (1), 50-61.

Hammig, O., Brauchli, R., and Bauer, G. F. (2012), 'Effort-reward and work-life imbalance, general stress and burnout among employees of a large public hospital in Switzerland', Swiss Med Wkly, 142, w13577.

Happell, Brenda, et al. (2012), 'The relationships between attitudes toward seclusion and levels of burnout, staff satisfaction, and therapeutic optimism in a district health service', Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33 (5), 329-36.

Hardiman, P., & Simmonds, J. G. (2013). Spiritual well-being, burnout and trauma in counsellors and psychotherapists. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16(10), 1044-1055.

Helewa, R. M., Kholdebarin, R., and Hochman, D. J. (2012), 'Attending surgeon burnout and satisfaction with the establishment of a regional acute care surgical service', Can J Surg, 55 (4), 000611-611.

Hensel, J. M., Lunsky, Y., and Dewa, C. S. (2012), 'Exposure to client aggression and burnout among community staff who support adults with intellectual disabilities in Ontario, Canada', J Intellect Disabil Res, 56 (9), 910-5.

Hensel, J. M., Ruiz, C., Finney, C., & Dewa, C. S. (2015). MetaAnalysis of Risk Factors for Secondary Traumatic Stress in Therapeutic Work With Trauma Victims. Journal of traumatic stress, 28(2), 83-91.

Hinami, K., et al. (2012), 'Job characteristics, satisfaction, and burnout across hospitalist practice models', J Hosp Med, 7 (5), 402-10.

Hunter, Sally V. (2012), 'Walking in sacred spaces in the therapeutic bond: Therapists' experiences of compassion satisfaction coupled with the potential for vicarious traumatization', Family Process, 51 (2), 179-92.

Isaksson Ro, Karin E., et al. (2012), 'Will sick leave after a counselling intervention prevent later burnout? A 3-year follow-up study of Norwegian doctors', Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 40 (3), 278-85.

Jackson, C. (2012), 'The interface of caring, self-care, and technology in nursing education and practice: a holistic perspective', Holist Nurs Pract, 26 (2), 69-73.

Jacobs, L. M., et al. (2012), 'Burnout among workers in a pediatric health care system', Workplace Health Saf, 60 (8), 335-44.

Kay-Eccles, R. (2012), 'Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Coworker Social Support and Burnout Using a Two-Level Hierarchical Linear Model', West J Nurs Res.

Kemper, K. J., Mo, X., & Khayat, R. (2015). Are Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Associated with Sleep and Resilience in Health Professionals?. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Kozak, A., et al. (2012), 'Psychosocial work-related predictors and consequences of personal burnout among staff working with people with intellectual disabilities', Res Dev Disabil, 34 (1), 102-15.

Kumar, S., Sinha, P., and Dutu, G. (2012), 'Being satisfied at work does affect burnout among psychiatrists: A national follow-up study from New Zealand', Int J Soc Psychiatry.

Ladouceur, R. (2012), 'Burnout or burn-in?', Can Fam Physician, 58 (7), 722.

Landrum, B., Knight, D. K., and Flynn, P. M. (2012), 'The impact of organizational stress and burnout on client engagement', J Subst Abuse Treat, 42 (2), 222-30.

Lang, G. M., Patrician, P., and Steele, N. (2012), 'Comparison of nurse burnout across army hospital practice environments', J Nurs Scholarsh, 44 (3), 274-83.

Lester, P. B., Taylor, L. C., Hawkins, S. A., & Landry, L. (2015). Current Directions in Military Health-care Provider Resilience. Current psychiatry reports, 17(2), 1-7.

Li, B., et al. (2012), 'Group-level impact of work environment dimensions on burnout experiences among nurses: A multivariate multilevel probit model', Int J Nurs Stud.

Madathil, R., Heck, N. C., & Schuldberg, D. (2014). Burnout in psychiatric nursing: Examining the interplay of autonomy, leadership style, and depressive symptoms. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.

Malinowski, Alfred J. (2013), 'Characteristics of job burnout and humor among psychotherapists', Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 26 (1), 117-33.

Mazurkiewicz, R., et al. (2012), 'The prevalence and correlations of medical student burnout in the pre-clinical years: a cross-sectional study', Psychol Health Med, 17 (2), 188-95.

Mazurkiewicz, Rebecca, et al. (2012), 'The prevalence and correlations of medical student burnout in the pre-clinical years: A cross-sectional study', Psychology, Health & Medicine, 17 (2), 188-95.

McCann, C. M., Beddoe, E., McCormick, K., Huggard, P., Kedge, S., Adamson, C., & Huggard, J. (2013). Resilience in the health professions: A review of recent literature. International Journal of Wellbeing, 3(1).

Mensah, S. B., & Anderson, J. G. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of the use of mind-body therapies by healthcare providers and clinicians to care for themselves. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 21(2), 124-130.

Moreno-Jimenez, B., et al. (2012), 'A study of physicians' intention to quit: the role of burnout, commitment and difficult doctor-patient interactions', Psicothema, 24 (2), 263-70.

Morse, G., et al. (2012), 'Burnout in mental health services: a review of the problem and its remediation', Adm Policy Ment Health, 39 (5), 341-52.

Myers, Shannon B., et al. (2012), 'Self-care practices and perceived stress levels among psychology graduate students', Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 6 (1), 55-66.

Olson, K., & Kemper, K. J. (2014). Factors associated with well-being and confidence in providing compassionate care. Journal Of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 19(4), 292-296.

Pakenham, Kenneth Ian. "Investigation of the utility of the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) framework for fostering self-care in clinical psychology trainees." Training and Education in Professional Psychology 9.2 (2015): 144.

Passalacqua, S. A. and Segrin, C. (2012), 'The effect of resident physician stress, burnout, and empathy on patient-centered communication during the long-call shift', Health Commun, 27 (5), 449-56.

Passalacqua, Stacey A. and Segrin, Chris (2012), 'The effect of resident physician stress, burnout, and empathy on patient-centered communication during the long-call shift', Health Communication, 27 (5), 449-56.

Peng, L., Li, M., Zuo, X., Miao, Y., Chen, L., Yu, Y., & Wang, T. (2014). Application of the Pennsylvania resilience training program on medical students. Personality and Individual Differences, 61-62, 47-51.

Pidgeon, A. M., Ford, L., & Klaassen, F. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of enhancing resilience in human service professionals using a retreat-based mindfulness with metta training program: A randomised control trial. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 19(3), 355-364.

Prinz, P., et al. (2012), 'Burnout, depression and depersonalisation--psychological factors and coping strategies in dental and medical students', GMS Z Med Ausbild, 29 (1), Doc10.

Puig, A., Yoon, E., Callueng, C., An, S., & Lee, S. M. (2014). Burnout syndrome in psychotherapists: A comparative analysis of five nations. Psychological Services, 11(1), 87-96.

Ray, S. L., Wong, C., White, D., & Heaslip, K. (2013). Compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, work life conditions, and burnout among frontline mental health care professionals. Traumatology, 19(4), 255-267.

Rossler, W. (2012), 'Stress, burnout, and job dissatisfaction in mental health workers', Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci.

Rudman, A. and Gustavsson, J. P. (2012), 'Burnout during nursing education predicts lower occupational preparedness and future clinical performance: A longitudinal study', Int J Nurs Stud, 49 (8), 988-1001.

Salloum, A., Kondrat, D. C., Johnco, C., & Olson, K. R. (2015). The role of self-care on compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary trauma among child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 49, 54-61.

Shanafelt, T. and Dyrbye, L. (2012), 'Oncologist burnout: causes, consequences, and responses', J Clin Oncol, 30 (11), 1235-41.

Shanafelt, T. D., et al. (2012), 'Avoiding burnout: the personal health habits and wellness practices of US surgeons', Ann Surg, 255 (4), 625-33.

Shanafelt, T. D., et al. (2012), 'Burnout and Satisfaction With Work-Life Balance Among US Physicians Relative to the General US Population', Arch Intern Med, 1-9.

Sochos, Antigonos and Bowers, Alexis (2012), 'Burnout, occupational stressors, and social support in psychiatric and medical trainees', The European Journal of Psychiatry, 26 (3), 196-206.

Sochos, Antigonos, Bowers, Alexis, and Kinman, Gail (2012), 'Work stressors, social support, and burnout in junior doctors: Exploring direct and indirect pathways', Journal of Employment Counseling, 49 (2), 62-73.

Spence Laschinger, H. K., Wong, C. A., and Grau, A. L. (2012), 'The influence of authentic leadership on newly graduated nurses' experiences of workplace bullying, burnout and retention outcomes: A cross-sectional study', Int J Nurs Stud.

Suner-Soler, R., et al. (2012), 'Burnout and quality of life among Spanish healthcare personnel', J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs.

Thompson, I., Amatea, E., & Thompson, E. (2014). Personal and Contextual Predictors of Mental Health Counselors' Compassion Fatigue and Burnout. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 36(1), 58-77.

Toh, Shir Gi, Ang, Emily, and Devi, M. Kamala (2012), 'Systematic review on the relationship between the nursing shortage and job satisfaction, stress and burnout levels among nurses in oncology/haematology settings', International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 10 (2), 126-41.

Upton, D., et al. (2012), 'The experience of burnout across different surgical specialties in the United Kingdom: a cross-sectional survey', Surgery, 151 (4), 493-501.

Van Bogaert, P., et al. (2012), 'Impacts of unit-level nurse practice environment, workload and burnout on nurse-reported outcomes in psychiatric hospitals: A multilevel modelling approach', Int J Nurs Stud.

van der Doef, Margot, Mbazzi, Femke Bannink, and Verhoeven, Chris (2012), 'Job conditions, job satisfaction, somatic complaints and burnout among East African nurses', Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21 (11-12), 1763-75.

Wald, H. S., Anthony, D., Hutchinson, T. A., Liben, S., Smilovitch, M., & Donato, A. A. (2015). Professional identity formation in medical education for humanistic, resilient physicians: Pedagogic strategies for bridging theory to practice. Academic Medicine, 90(6), 753-760.

Wang, Y., et al. (2012), 'Work-family Conflict and Burnout among Chinese Doctors: The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital', J Occup Health, 54 (3), 232-40.

Warren, Cortney S., et al. (2012), 'A qualitative analysis of job burnout in eating disorder treatment providers', Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Prevention, 20 (3), 175-95.

Wolf, Cheryl Pence, Thompson, Isabel A., and Smith-Adcock, Sondra (2012), 'Wellness in counselor preparation: Promoting individual well-being', The Journal of Individual Psychology, 68 (2), 164-81.

Wu, S., et al. (2012), 'Effect of work stressors, personal strain, and coping resources on burnout in chinese medical professionals: a structural equation model', Ind Health, 50 (4), 279-87.

Young, Christina, et al. (2012), 'Burnout in premedical undergraduate students', Academic Psychiatry, 36 (1), 11-16.

Zenasni, F., et al. (2012), 'Burnout and empathy in primary care: three hypotheses', Br J Gen Pract, 62 (600), 346-7.

Zerubavel, Noga and Wright, Margaret O'Dougherty (2012), 'The dilemma of the wounded healer', Psychotherapy, 49 (4), 482-91.


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