Self-Care Resources for Clinicians

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Resources for Clinicians' Self-Care:

Enhancing Well-Being & Avoiding Burnout -

35 Recent Books & Articles

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

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I gathered together the following information to help clinicians keep abreast of the latest books and peer-reviewed articles on clinicians' self-care, enhancing well-being, and avoiding burnout.

The January, 2016 5th edition of the ethics book by Melba Vasquez, Ph.D., ABPP, and me includes a chapter emphasizing the ethic of self-care.  The chapter recommends "creating strategies for self-care as early as possible in your education, training, and practice. Neglecting self-care early on can drain the enthusiasm, joy, resilience, and meaning out of a career. It can hurt our ability to practice ethically. It can sink us in discouragement, compassion fatigue, and burnout."

The chapter discusses each of the possible consequences of neglecting self-care, including:

It also discusses strategies for addressing common problem areas, including:

So crucial is the ethic of self-care that it is worth keeping up with the rapidly evolving theory, research, and practice in this area.

This web page presents recent (i.e., published in 2013-2016) cites for books and peer-reviewed journal articles addressing clinician self-care, well-being, and burnout. 

Because the literature on self-care, well-being, and burnout is so vast, the lists below are limited to books and articles focusing specifically on clinicians' self-care, well-being, or burnout.

4 RECENT BOOKS (2013-2016): 

Bush, A. D. (2015). Simple self-care for therapists: Restorative practices to weave through your workday. W W Norton & Co.

Hughes, G. (2014). Competence and self-care in counselling and psychotherapy. Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Malinowski, A. J. (2014). Self-Care for the Mental Health Practitioner: The Theory, Research, and Practice of Preventing and Addressing the Occupational Hazards of the Profession. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Skovholt, Thomas M., and Michelle J. Trotter-Mathison. (2014). The resilient practitioner: Burnout prevention and self-care strategies for counselors, therapists, teachers, and health professionals. Routledge.

31 RECENT ARTICLES (2013-2016):

Bamonti, P. M., Keelan, C. M., Larson, N., Mentrikoski, J. M., Randall, C. L., Sly, S. K., McNeil, D. W. (2014). Promoting ethical behavior by cultivating a culture of self-care during graduate training: A call to action. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 8(4), 253-260

Boellinghaus, I., Jones, F. W., & Hutton, J. (2013). Cultivating self-care and compassion in psychological therapists in training: The experience of practicing loving-kindness meditation. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 7(4), 267-277.

Cleary, M., Jackson, D., & Hungerford, C. L. (2014). Mental health nursing in Australia: Resilience as a means of sustaining the specialty. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 35(1), 33-40.

Dang, Y., & Sangganjanavanich, V. F. (2015). Promoting Counselor Professional and Personal Well-Being Through Advocacy. Journal of Counselor Leadership and Advocacy, 2(1), 1-13.

Dorian, M., & Killebrew, J. E. (2014). A study of mindfulness and self-care: a path to self-compassion for female therapists in training. Women & Therapy, 37(1-2), 155-163.

Eddy, Kamryn T. (2013), 'Patient Mortality as a Predictor of Burnout Among Clinicians Specializing in Eating Disorders', Psychotherapy.

Garcia, H. A., McGeary, C. A., Finley, E. P., Ketchum, N. S., McGeary, D. D., & Peterson, A. L. (2015). Evidence-based treatments for PTSD and VHA provider burnout: The impact of cognitive processing and prolonged exposure therapies. Traumatology, 21(1), 7-13.

Garcia, H. A., McGeary, C. A., McGeary, D. D., Finley, E. P., & Peterson, A. L. (2014). Burnout in veterans health administration mental health providers in posttraumatic stress clinics. Psychological Services, 11(1), 50-59.

Gascon, S., Leiter, M. P., Andres, E., Santed, M. A., Pereira, J. P., Cunha, M. J., & Martinez-Jarreta, B. (2013). The role of aggressions suffered by healthcare workers as predictors of burnout. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(21-22), 3120-3129.

Geoffrion, S., Morselli, C., & Guay, S. (2015). Rethinking Compassion Fatigue Through the Lens of Professional Identity The Case of Child-Protection Workers. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 1524838015584362.

Gockel, A., Burton, D., James, S., & Bryer, E. (2013). Introducing mindfulness as a self-care and clinical training strategy for beginning social work students. Mindfulness, 4(4), 343-353.

Green, A. E., Albanese, B. J., Shapiro, N. M., & Aarons, G. A. (2014). The roles of individual and organizational factors in burnout among community-based mental health service providers. Psychological Services, 11(1), 41-49.

Hardiman, P., & Simmonds, J. G. (2013). Spiritual well-being, burnout and trauma in counsellors and psychotherapists. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 16(10), 1044-1055.

Hensel, J. M., Ruiz, C., Finney, C., & Dewa, C. S. (2015). MetaAnalysis of Risk Factors for Secondary Traumatic Stress in Therapeutic Work With Trauma Victims. Journal of traumatic stress, 28(2), 83-91.

Kemper, K. J., Mo, X., & Khayat, R. (2015). Are Mindfulness and Self-Compassion Associated with Sleep and Resilience in Health Professionals?. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

Lester, P. B., Taylor, L. C., Hawkins, S. A., & Landry, L. (2015). Current Directions in Military Health-care Provider Resilience. Current psychiatry reports, 17(2), 1-7.

Linzer, M., Poplau, S., Grossman, E., Varkey, A., Yale, S., Williams, E., Barbouche, M. (2015). A cluster randomized trial of interventions to improve work conditions and clinician burnout in primary care: Results from the Healthy Work Place (HWP) study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(8), 1105-1111.

Madathil, R., Heck, N. C., & Schuldberg, D. (2014). Burnout in psychiatric nursing: Examining the interplay of autonomy, leadership style, and depressive symptoms. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing.

Malinowski, Alfred J. (2013), 'Characteristics of job burnout and humor among psychotherapists', Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 26 (1), 117-33.

McCann, C. M., Beddoe, E., McCormick, K., Huggard, P., Kedge, S., Adamson, C., & Huggard, J. (2013). Resilience in the health professions: A review of recent literature. International Journal of Wellbeing, 3(1).

Mensah, S. B., & Anderson, J. G. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of the use of mind-body therapies by healthcare providers and clinicians to care for themselves. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 21(2), 124-130.

Olson, K., & Kemper, K. J. (2014). Factors associated with well-being and confidence in providing compassionate care. Journal Of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 19(4), 292-296.

Pakenham, Kenneth Ian. "Investigation of the utility of the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) framework for fostering self-care in clinical psychology trainees." Training and Education in Professional Psychology 9.2 (2015): 144.

Peng, L., Li, M., Zuo, X., Miao, Y., Chen, L., Yu, Y., & Wang, T. (2014). Application of the Pennsylvania resilience training program on medical students. Personality and Individual Differences, 61-62, 47-51.

Pidgeon, A. M., Ford, L., & Klaassen, F. (2014). Evaluating the effectiveness of enhancing resilience in human service professionals using a retreat-based mindfulness with metta training program: A randomised control trial. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 19(3), 355-364.

Puig, A., Yoon, E., Callueng, C., An, S., & Lee, S. M. (2014). Burnout syndrome in psychotherapists: A comparative analysis of five nations. Psychological Services, 11(1), 87-96.

Ray, S. L., Wong, C., White, D., & Heaslip, K. (2013). Compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, work life conditions, and burnout among frontline mental health care professionals. Traumatology, 19(4), 255-267.

Salloum, A., Kondrat, D. C., Johnco, C., & Olson, K. R. (2015). The role of self-care on compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary trauma among child welfare workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 49, 54-61.

Thompson, I., Amatea, E., & Thompson, E. (2014). Personal and Contextual Predictors of Mental Health Counselors' Compassion Fatigue and Burnout. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 36(1), 58-77.

Wald, H. S., Anthony, D., Hutchinson, T. A., Liben, S., Smilovitch, M., & Donato, A. A. (2015). Professional identity formation in medical education for humanistic, resilient physicians: Pedagogic strategies for bridging theory to practice. Academic Medicine, 90(6), 753-760.

West, C. P., & Hauer, K. E. (2015). Reducing burnout in primary care: A step toward solutions. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 30(8), 1056-1057.


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