New Studies of Meditation

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RECENT MEDITATION RESEARCH

 

Kenneth S. Pope, Ph.D., ABPP

 

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This web page presents recent (i.e., published in 2010-2014) research on meditation.

This research I've gathered here explores the relationship of meditation to executive functioning and decision-making; depression; anxiety; memory; brain structure, function, & plasticity; pain control; dispositional mindfulness; therapists' therapeutic presence; health; well-being; quality of life; and so on.

Please Note: This web site also includes a page of Mindfulness Resources, which are divided into 5 groups:

  1. Meta-analyses
  2. The Mindful Clinician: Training, Development, Self-Care
  3. Articles on Mindfulness as an Intervention for Psychological and Medical Disorders
  4. Books on Mindfulness in Therapy, Recovery, & Self-Help
  5. Audio Resources for Mindfulness

Meditation Research Published in 2010-2014

  1. Alfonso, J. P., Caracuel, A., Delgado-Pastor, L. C., & Verdejo-Garcia, A. (2011). Combined Goal Management Training and Mindfulness meditation improve executive functions and decision-making performance in abstinent polysubstance abusers. Drug and alcohol dependence, 117(1), 78-81.

  2. An, H., Kulkarni, R., Nagarathna, R., & Nagendra, H. (2010). Measures of heart rate variability in women following a meditation technique. International journal of yoga, 3(1), 6-9.

  3. Ando, M., Morita, T., Akechi, T., & Ifuku, Y. (2011). A qualitative study of mindfulness-based meditation therapy in Japanese cancer patients. Supportive care in cancer: official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 19(7), 929-933.

  4. Asare, F., Storsrud, S., & Simren, M. (2012). Meditation over medication for irritable bowel syndrome? On exercise and alternative treatments for irritable bowel syndrome. Curr Gastroenterol Rep, 14(4), 283-289. doi: 10.1007/s11894-012-0268-2

  5. Baijal, S., & Srinivasan, N. (2010). Theta activity and meditative states: Spectral changes during concentrative meditation. Cognitive Processing, 11(1), 31-38.

  6. Baijal, S., Jha, A. P., Kiyonaga, A., Singh, R., & Srinivasan, N. (2011). The Influence of Concentrative Meditation Training on the Development of Attention Networks during Early Adolescence. Frontiers in psychology, 2, 153.

  7. Barnes, V. A., Kapuku, G. K., & Treiber, F. A. (2012). Impact of transcendental meditation on left ventricular mass in african american adolescents. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. doi: 10.1155/2012/923153

  8. Barnhofer, T., Chittka, T., Nightingale, H., Visser, C., & Crane, C. (2010). State effects of two forms of meditation on prefrontal EEG asymmetry in previously depressed individuals. Mindfulness, 1(1), 21-27.

  9. Baron Short, E., Kose, S., Mu, Q., Borckardt, J., Newberg, A., George, M. S., et al. (2010). Regional brain activation during meditation shows time and practice effects: an exploratory FMRI study. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 7(1), 121-127.

  10. Barrett, B., Hayney, M. S., Muller, D., Rakel, D., Ward, A., Obasi, C. N., . . . Coe, C. L. (2012). Meditation or exercise for preventing acute respiratory infection: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Fam Med, 10(4), 337-346. doi: 10.1370/afm.1376

  11. Bauer-Wu, S. (2010). Mindfulness meditation. Oncology, 24(10 Suppl), 36-40.

  12. Bedford, F. L. (2012). A perception theory in mind-body medicine: guided imagery and mindful meditation as cross-modal adaptation. Psychon Bull Rev, 19(1), 24-45.

  13. Blom, K., How, M., Dai, M., Baker, B., Irvine, J., Abbey, S., & Tobe, S. W. (2012). Hypertension Analysis of stress Reduction using Mindfulness meditation and Yoga (The HARMONY Study): study protocol of a randomised control trial. BMJ Open, 2(2), e000848.

  14. Bormann, J. E., Thorp, S. R., Wetherell, J. L., Golshan, S., & Lang, A. J. (2013). Meditation-based mantram intervention for veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder: A randomized trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 5(3), 259-267.

  15. Bormann, Jill E., Thorp, Steven R., Wetherell, Julie L., Golshan, Shahrokh, & Lang, Ariel J. (2012). Meditation-Based Mantram Intervention for Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Randomized Trial. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.

  16. Brady, S., O'Connor, N., Burgermeister, D., & Hanson, P. (2012). The impact of mindfulness meditation in promoting a culture of safety on an acute psychiatric unit. Perspect Psychiatr Care, 48(3), 129-137

  17. Brown, C. A., & Jones, A. K. P. (2010). Meditation experience predicts less negative appraisal of pain: Electrophysiological evidence for the involvement of anticipatory neural responses. Pain, 150(3), 428-438.

  18. Brown, L. F., Davis, L. W., LaRocco, V. A., & Strasburger, A. (2010). Participant perspectives on mindfulness meditation training for anxiety in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 13(3), 224-242.

  19. Burns, J. L., Lee, R. M., & Brown, L. J. (2011). The effect of meditation on self-reported measures of stress, anxiety, depression, and perfectionism in a college population. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 25(2), 132-144.

  20. Cahn, B. R., Delorme, A., & Polich, J. (2010). Occipital gamma activation during Vipassana meditation. Cognitive Processing, 11(1), 39-56.

  21. Chen, K. W., Comerford, A., Shinnick, P., & Ziedonis, D. M. (2010). Introducing qigong meditation into residential addiction treatment: A pilot study where gender makes a difference. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(8), 875-882.

  22. Cheng, R. W. F., Borrett, D. S., Cheng, W., Kwan, H. C., & Cheng, R. S. S. (2010). Human prefrontal cortical response to the meditative state: A spectroscopy study. International Journal of Neuroscience, 120(7), 483-488.

  23. Chiesa, A., & Serretti, A. (2010). A systematic review of neurobiological and clinical features of mindfulness meditations. Psychological Medicine: A Journal of Research in Psychiatry and the Allied Sciences, 40(8), 1239-1252.

  24. Chiesa, A., Brambilla, P., & Serretti, A. (2010). Functional neural correlates of mindfulness meditations in comparison with psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and placebo effect. Is there a link? Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 22(3), 104-117.

  25. Choi, K. E., Musial, F., Amthor, N., Rampp, T., Saha, F. J., Michalsen, A., et al. (2011). Isolated and combined effects of electroacupuncture and meditation in reducing experimentally induced ischemic pain: a pilot study. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2011.

  26. Choi, K. E., Rampp, T., Saha, F. J., Dobos, G. J., & Musial, F. (2011). Pain modulation by meditation and electroacupuncture in experimental submaximum effort tourniquet technique (SETT). Explore, 7(4), 239-245.

  27. Choi, Yowon, Karremans, Johan C., & Barendregt, Henk. (2012). The happy face of mindfulness: Mindfulness meditation is associated with perceptions of happiness as rated by outside observers. Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(1), 30-35.

  28. Chu, L.-C. (2010). The benefits of meditation vis-a-vis emotional intelligence, perceived stress and negative mental health. Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 26(2), 169-180.

  29. Cole, Brenda S., Hopkins, Clare M., Spiegel, Jon, Tisak, John, Agarwala, Sanjiv, & Kirkwood, John M. (2012). A randomised clinical trial of the effects of spiritually focused meditation for people with metastatic melanoma. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(2), 161-174.

  30. Condon, P., Desbordes, G., Miller, W. B., & DeSteno, D. (2013). Meditation increases compassionate responses to suffering. Psychological Science, 24(10), 2125-2127.

  31. Craigmyle, N. A. (2013). The beneficial effects of meditation: Contribution of the anterior cingulate and locus coeruleus. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, Article ID 731.

  32. Crane, C., Jandric, D., Barnhofer, T., & Williams, J. M. G. (2010). Dispositional mindfulness, meditation, and conditional goal setting. Mindfulness, 1(4), 204-214.

  33. Cutshall, S. M., Wentworth, L. J., Wahner-Roedler, D. L., Vincent, A., Schmidt, J. E., Loehrer, L. L., et al. (2011). Evaluation of a biofeedback-assisted meditation program as a stress management tool for hospital nurses: a pilot study. [Clinical Trial]. Explore, 7(2), 110-112.

  34. Davanger, S., Ellingsen, O., Holen, A., & Hugdahl, K. (2010). Meditation-specific prefrontal cortical activation during Acem meditation: An fMRI study. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 111(1), 291-306.

  35. Delgado-Pastor, L. C., Perakakis, P., Subramanya, P., Telles, S., & Vila, J. (2013). Mindfulness (Vipassana) meditation: Effects on P3b event-related potential and heart rate variability. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 90(2), 207-214.

  36. Eberth, Juliane, & Sedlmeier, Peter. (2012). The effects of mindfulness meditation: A meta-analysis. Mindfulness, 3(3), 174-189

  37. Engstrom, M., & Soderfeldt, B. (2010). Brain activation during compassion meditation: A case study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(5), 597-599.

  38. Engstrom, M., Pihlsgard, J., Lundberg, P., & Soderfeldt, B. (2010). Functional magnetic resonance imaging of hippocampal activation during silent mantra meditation. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(12), 1253-1258.

  39. Falkenstrom, F. (2010). Studying mindfulness in experienced meditators: A quasi-experimental approach. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(3), 305-310.

  40. Fan, Y., Tang, Y.-Y., Ma, Y., & Posner, M. I. (2010). Mucosal immunity modulated by integrative meditation in a dose-dependent fashion. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(2), 151-155.

  41. Feldman, G., Greeson, J., & Senville, J. (2010). Differential effects of mindful breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and loving-kindness meditation on decentering and negative reactions to repetitive thoughts. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 48(10), 1002-1011.

  42. Fell, J., Axmacher, N., & Haupt, S. (2010). From alpha to gamma: electrophysiological correlates of meditation-related states of consciousness. [Review]. Medical hypotheses, 75(2), 218-224.

  43. Fernandes, C. A., Nobrega, Y. K., & Tosta, C. E. (2012). Pranic meditation affects phagocyte functions and hormonal levels of recent practitioners. J Altern Complement Med, 18(8), 761-768

  44. Fortney, L., & Taylor, M. (2010). Meditation in medical practice: a review of the evidence and practice. [Review]. Primary care, 37(1), 81-90.

  45. Fox, S. D., Flynn, E., & Allen, R. H. (2011). Mindfulness meditation for women with chronic pelvic pain: a pilot study. The Journal of reproductive medicine, 56(3-4), 158-162.

  46. Franco Justo, C. (2010). [Reducing stress levels and anxiety in primary-care physicians through training and practice of a mindfulness meditation technique]. Atencion primaria / Sociedad Espanola de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria, 42(11), 564-570.

  47. Frewen, Paul, Lundberg, Erica, MacKinley, Julia, & Wrath, Andrew. (2011). Assessment of response to mindfulness meditation: Meditation breath attention scores in association with subjective measures of state and trait mindfulness and difficulty letting go of depressive cognition. Mindfulness, 2(4), 254-269.

  48. Friese, M., Messner, C., & Schaffner, Y. (2012). Mindfulness meditation counteracts self-control depletion. Conscious Cogn, 21(2), 1016-1022.

  49. Froeliger, B., Garland, E. L., Kozink, R. V., Modlin, L. A., Chen, N. K., McClernon, F. J., & Sobin, P. (2012). Meditation-State Functional Connectivity (msFC): Strengthening of the Dorsal Attention Network and Beyond. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2012, 680407.

  50. Goldstein, C. M., Josephson, R., Xie, S., & Hughes, J. W. (2012). Current perspectives on the use of meditation to reduce blood pressure. Int J Hypertens, 2012, 578397. doi: 10.1155/2012/578397

  51. Gootjes, L., Franken, I. H. A., & Van Strien, J. W. (2011). Cognitive emotion regulation in yogic meditative practitioners: Sustained modulation of electrical brain potentials. Journal of Psychophysiology, 25(2), 87-94.

  52. Goyal, M., Haythornthwaite, J., Levine, D., Becker, D., Vaidya, D., Hill-Briggs, F., et al. (2010). Intensive meditation for refractory pain and symptoms. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(6), 627-631.

  53. Grant, J. A., Courtemanche, J. r. m., Duerden, E. G., Duncan, G. H., & Rainville, P. (2010). Cortical thickness and pain sensitivity in zen meditators. Emotion, 10(1), 43-53.

  54. Green, R., & Turner, G. (2010). Growing evidence for the influence of meditation on brain and behaviour. [Review]. Neuropsychological rehabilitation, 20(2), 306-311.

  55. Gregoski, M. J., Barnes, V. A., Tingen, M. S., Harshfield, G. A., & Treiber, F. A. (2011). Breathing awareness meditation and LifeSkills Training programs influence upon ambulatory blood pressure and sodium excretion among African American adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48(1), 59-64.

  56. Gregoski, M. J., Vertegel, A., Shaporev, A., & Treiber, F. A. (2012). Tension Tamer: Delivering Meditation With Objective Heart Rate Acquisition for Adherence Monitoring Using a Smart Phone Platform. J Altern Complement Med. doi: 10.1089/acm.2011.0772

  57. Guglietti, C. L., Daskalakis, Z. J., Radhu, N., Fitzgerald, P. B., & Ritvo, P. (2012). Meditation-related increases in GABA(B) modulated cortical inhibition. Brain Stimul. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2012.08.005

  58. Haaga, D. A., Grosswald, S., Gaylord-King, C., Rainforth, M., Tanner, M., Travis, F., et al. (2011). Effects of the Transcendental Meditation Program on Substance Use among University Students. Cardiology research and practice, 2011, 537101.

  59. Hafenbrack, A. C., Kinias, Z., & Barsade, S. G. (2014). Debiasing the mind through meditation: Mindfulness and the sunk-cost bias. Psychological Science, 25(2), 369-376.

  60. Hasenkamp, W., & Barsalou, L. W. (2012). Effects of meditation experience on functional connectivity of distributed brain networks. Front Hum Neurosci, 6, 38.

  61. Hasenkamp, W., Wilson-Mendenhall, C. D., Duncan, E., & Barsalou, L. W. (2011). Mind wandering and attention during focused meditation: A fine-grained temporal analysis of fluctuating cognitive states. NeuroImage.

  62. Herron, R. E. (2011). Changes in physician costs among high-cost transcendental meditation practitioners compared with high-cost nonpractitioners over 5 years. American journal of health promotion: AJHP, 26(1), 56-60.

  63. Himelstein, S. (2011). Meditation research: The state of the art in correctional settings. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 55(4), 646-661.

  64. Hirano, M., & Yukawa, S. (2013). The impact of mindfulness meditation on anger. Japanese Journal of Psychology, 84(2), 93-102.

  65. Hodgins, H. S., & Adair, K. C. (2010). Attentional processes and meditation. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 19(4), 872-878.

  66. Hofmann, S. G., Grossman, P., & Hinton, D. E. (2011). Loving-kindness and compassion meditation: Potential for psychological interventions. Clinical psychology review, 31(7), 1126-1132.

  67. Hoge, E. A., Chen, M. M., Orr, E., Metcalf, C. A., Fischer, L. E., Pollack, M. H., & Simon, N. M. (2013). Loving-Kindness Meditation practice associated with longer telomeres in women. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 32, 159-163.

  68. Hussain, D., & Bhushan, B. (2010). Psychology of meditation and health: Present status and future directions. International Journal of Psychology & Psychological Therapy, 10(3), 439-451.

  69. Innes, K. E., Selfe, T. K., Brown, C. J., Rose, K. M., & Thompson-Heisterman, A. (2012). The effects of meditation on perceived stress and related indices of psychological status and sympathetic activation in persons with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers: a pilot study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2012, 927509. doi: 10.1155/2012/927509

  70. Jacobs, T. L., Epel, E. S., Lin, J., Blackburn, E. H., Wolkowitz, O. M., Bridwell, D. A., et al. (2011). Intensive meditation training, immune cell telomerase activity, and psychological mediators. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36(5), 664-681.

  71. Jang, J. H., Jung, W. H., Kang, D. H., Byun, M. S., Kwon, S. J., Choi, C. H., et al. (2011). Increased default mode network connectivity associated with meditation. Neuroscience letters, 487(3), 358-362.

  72. Jaseja, H. (2010). Potential role of self-induced EEG fast oscillations in predisposition to seizures in meditators. Epilepsy & Behavior, 17(1), 124-125.

  73. Jindal, V., Gupta, S., & Das, R. (2013). Molecular mechanisms of meditation. Molecular Neurobiology, 48(3), 808-811.

  74. Johnson, D. P., Penn, D. L., Fredrickson, B. L., Kring, A. M., Meyer, P. S., Catalino, L. I., et al. (2011). A pilot study of loving-kindness meditation for the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 129(2-3), 137-140.

  75. Josefsson, T. r., & Broberg, A. (2011). Meditators and non-meditators on sustained and executive attentional performance. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 14(3), 291-309.

  76. Josefsson, T., Larsman, P., Broberg, A. G., & Lundh, L.-G. (2011). Self-reported mindfulness mediates the relation between meditation experience and psychological well-being. Mindfulness, 2(1), 49-58.

  77. Joyce, A., Etty-Leal, J., Zazryn, T., Hamilton, A., & Hassed, C. (2010). Exploring a mindfulness meditation program on the mental health of upper primary children: A pilot study. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 3(2), 17-25.

  78. Jung, Y. H., Kang, D. H., Byun, M. S., Shim, G., Kwon, S. J., Jang, G. E., & Kwon, J. S. (2012). Influence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and catechol O-methyl transferase polymorphisms on effects of meditation on plasma catecholamines and stress. Stress, 15(1), 97-104

  79. Kang, Y., Gray, J. R., & Dovidio, J. F. (2013). The Nondiscriminating Heart: Lovingkindness Meditation Training Decreases Implicit Intergroup Bias. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. In press.

  80. Kang, D.-H., Jo, H. J., Jung, W. H., Kim, S. H., Jung, Y.-H., Choi, C.-H., & Kwon, J. S. (2013). The effect of meditation on brain structure: Cortical thickness mapping and diffusion tensor imaging. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(1), 27-33.

  81. Kaul, P., Passafiume, J., Sargent, C. R., & O'Hara, B. F. (2010). Meditation acutely improves psychomotor vigilance, and may decrease sleep need. Behavioral and brain functions: BBF, 6, 47.

  82. Kerr, C. E., Jones, S. R., Wan, Q., Pritchett, D. L., Wasserman, R. H., Wexler, A., et al. (2011). Effects of mindfulness meditation training on anticipatory alpha modulation in primary somatosensory cortex. Brain Research Bulletin, 85(3-4), 96-103.

  83. Kerr, C. E., Josyula, K., & Littenberg, R. (2011). Developing an observing attitude: an analysis of meditation diaries in an MBSR clinical trial. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy, 18(1), 80-93.

  84. Koopmann-Holm, B., Sze, J., Ochs, C., & Tsai, J. L. (2013). Buddhist-inspired meditation increases the value of calm. Emotion, 13(3), 497-505.

  85. Kox, M., Stoffels, M., Smeekens, S. P., van Alfen, N., Gomes, M., Eijsvogels, T. M., . . . Pickkers, P. (2012). The influence of concentration/meditation on autonomic nervous system activity and the innate immune response: a case study. Psychosom Med, 74(5), 489-494.

  86. Kozasa, E. H., Sato, J. R., Lacerda, S. S., Barreiros, M. A., Radvany, J., Russell, T. A., & Amaro, E., Jr. (2012). Meditation training increases brain efficiency in an attention task. Neuroimage, 59(1), 745-749.

  87. Kozasa, E. H., Tanaka, L. H., Monson, C., Little, S., Leao, F. C., & Peres, M. P. (2012). The effects of meditation-based interventions on the treatment of fibromyalgia. Curr Pain Headache Rep, 16(5), 383-387.

  88. Kumar, S., Nagendra, H., Manjunath, N., Naveen, K., & Telles, S. (2010). Meditation on OM: Relevance from ancient texts and contemporary science. International journal of yoga, 3(1), 2-5.

  89. Lang, A. J., Strauss, J. L., Bomyea, J., Bormann, J. E., Hickman, S. D., Good, R. C., & Essex, M. (2012). The Theoretical and Empirical Basis for Meditation as an Intervention for PTSD. Behav Modif. doi: 10.1177/0145445512441200

  90. Lange, B. (2011). Cocreating a communicative space to develop a mindfulness meditation manual for women in recovery from substance abuse disorders. ANS. Advances in nursing science, 34(3), E1-E13.

  91. Larson, M. J., Steffen, P. R., & Primosch, M. (2013). The impact of a brief mindfulness meditation intervention on cognitive control and error-related performance monitoring. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, Article ID 308.

  92. Lavallee, C. F., Hunter, M. D., & Persinger, M. A. (2011). Intracerebral source generators characterizing concentrative meditation. Cognitive Processing, 12(2), 141-150.

  93. Lavallee, C. F., Koren, S. A., & Persinger, M. A. (2011). A quantitative electroencephalographic study of meditation and binaural beat entrainment. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(4), 351-355.

  94. Lee, M. Y., Zaharlick, A., & Akers, D. (2011). Meditation and treatment of female trauma survivors of interpersonal abuses: Utilizing clients' strengths. Families in Society, 92(1), 41-49.

  95. Lee, T. M., Leung, M. K., Hou, W. K., Tang, J. C., Yin, J., So, K. F., & Chan, C. C. (2012). Distinct neural activity associated with focused-attention meditation and loving-kindness meditation. PLoS One, 7(8), e40054.

  96. Leite, J. R., Leite, F., Ornellas, M., Amemiya, T. M., de Almeida, A. A. F., Dias, A. A., et al. (2010). Effect of progressive self-focus meditation on attention, anxiety, and depression scores. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 110(3, Pt1), 840-848.

  97. Leite, J. R., Ornellas, F. L., Amemiya, T. M., de Almeida, A. A., Dias, A. A., Afonso, R., et al. (2010). Effect of progressive self-focus meditation on attention, anxiety, and depression scores. Perceptual and motor skills, 110(3 Pt 1), 840-848.

  98. Levenson, R. W., Ekman, P., & Ricard, M. (2012). Meditation and the startle response: a case study. Emotion, 12(3), 650-658

  99. Libby, D. J., Worhunsky, P. D., Pilver, C. E., & Brewer, J. A. (2012). Meditation-induced changes in high-frequency heart rate variability predict smoking outcomes. Front Hum Neurosci, 6, 54. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00054

  100. Lu, C. F., Smith, L. N., & Gau, C. H. (2012). Exploring the Zen meditation experiences of patients with generalized anxiety disorder: a focus-group approach. J Nurs Res, 20(1), 43-51

  101. Luders, E., Clark, K., Narr, K. L., & Toga, A. W. (2011). Enhanced brain connectivity in long-term meditation practitioners. NeuroImage, 57(4), 1308-1316.

  102. Luders, E., Kurth, F., Mayer, E. A., Toga, A. W., Narr, K. L., & Gaser, C. (2012). The unique brain anatomy of meditation practitioners: alterations in cortical gyrification. Front Hum Neurosci, 6, 34. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00034

  103. Luders, E., Phillips, O. R., Clark, K., Kurth, F., Toga, A. W., & Narr, K. L. (2012). Bridging the hemispheres in meditation: thicker callosal regions and enhanced fractional anisotropy (FA) in long-term practitioners. Neuroimage, 61(1), 181-187.

  104. MacLean, K. A., Ferrer, E., Aichele, S. R., Bridwell, D. A., Zanesco, A. P., Jacobs, T. L., et al. (2010). Intensive meditation training improves perceptual discrimination and sustained attention. Psychological Science, 21(6), 829-839.

  105. Malinski, V. M., & Todaro-Franceschi, V. (2011). Exploring Co-Meditation as a Means of Reducing Anxiety and Facilitating Relaxation in a Nursing School Setting. Journal of holistic nursing: official journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association.

  106. Manna, A., Raffone, A., Perrucci, M. G., Nardo, D., Ferretti, A., Tartaro, A., et al. (2010). Neural correlates of focused attention and cognitive monitoring in meditation. Brain Research Bulletin, 82(1-2), 46-56.

  107. Manocha, R. (2011). Meditation, mindfulness and mind-mptiness. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 23(1), 46-47.

  108. Manocha, R., Black, D., Sarris, J., & Stough, C. (2011). A randomized, controlled trial of meditation for work stress, anxiety and depressed mood in full-time workers. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2011, 960583.

  109. Marchand, W. R. (2012). Mindfulness-based stress reduction, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and Zen meditation for depression, anxiety, pain, and psychological distress. J Psychiatr Pract, 18(4), 233-252.

  110. Mascaro, J. S., Rilling, J. K., Negi, L. T., & Raison, C. L. (2013). Compassion meditation enhances empathic accuracy and related neural activity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(1), 48-55.

  111. Mastrianno, Heather A. (2012). The impact of Zen meditation on security and satisfaction in monogamous relationships. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(5), 495-510.

  112. McCollum, E. E., & Gehart, D. R. (2010). Using mindfulness meditation to teach beginning therapists therapeutic presence: A qualitative study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 36(3), 347-360.

  113. Mirams, L., Poliakoff, E., Brown, R. J., & Lloyd, D. M. (2012). Brief body-scan meditation practice improves somatosensory perceptual decision making. Conscious Cogn. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2012.07.009

  114. Mograbi, G. J. (2011). Meditation and the brain: attention, control and emotion. Mens sana monographs, 9(1), 276-283.

  115. Moore, A., Gruber, T., Derose, J., & Malinowski, P. (2012). Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control. Front Hum Neurosci, 6, 18. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00018

  116. Mohan, A., Sharma, R., & Bijlani, R. L. (2011). Effect of meditation on stress-induced changes in cognitive functions. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 17(3), 207-212.

  117. Moss, A. S., Wintering, N., Roggenkamp, H., Khalsa, D. S., Waldman, M. R., Monti, D., & Newberg, A. B. (2012). Effects of an 8-week meditation program on mood and anxiety in patients with memory loss.  J Altern Complement Med, 18(1), 48-53.

  118. Moyer, C. A., Donnelly, M. P., Anderson, J. C., Valek, K. C., Huckaby, S. J., Wiederholt, D. A., et al. (2011). Frontal electroencephalographic asymmetry associated with positive emotion is produced by very brief meditation training. Psychological science, 22(10), 1277-1279.

  119. Nagendra, R. P., Maruthai, N., & Kutty, B. M. (2012). Meditation and its regulatory role on sleep. Front Neurol, 3, 54.

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