Empathy Resources for Therapists & Counselors:
55 Articles Published in 2014-2016
Ken Pope, Ph.D., ABPP
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I gathered following references may help therapists, counselors, and other clinicians who wish to keep abreast of the research, theory, and related literature on empathy.
Although there is a massive literature on empathy, I've focused solely on works concerned with empathy in clinical training and practice, and in other clinical contexts. This literature addresses such issues as:
- How empathy increases or decreases during the course of clinical training
- Empathy training
- Maintaining empathy in clinical work
- Positive empathy as a therapeutic skill
- Whether low therapist empathy is toxic
- The relationship between gay affirmative practice and empathy among mental health professionals
- The role of empathy in promoting change
- Empathy and mindfulness
- The relation of empathy to various conditions such as Asperger's, schizophrenia, depression, psychopathy, or narcissistic personality disorder
I've also focused solely on recent (i.e., published in 2014-2016) works.
For those interested, I also maintain a web page on this site focusing on compassion.
55 Articles on Empathy in Clinical Contexts Published in 2014-2016:
Abernethy, A. D., Tadie, J. T., & Tilahun, B. S. (2014). Empathy in group therapy: Facilitating resonant chords. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 64(4), 517-535
Abramowitz, A. C., Ginger, E. J., Gollan, J. K., & Smith, M. J. (2014). Empathy, depressive symptoms, and social functioning among individuals with schizophrenia. Psychiatry Research, 216(3), 325-332.
Alford, C. F. (2014). Mirror neurons, psychoanalysis, and the age of empathy. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, in press.
Back, A. L., & Arnold, R. M. (2014). "Yes it's sad, but what should I do?": Moving from empathy to action in discussing goals of care. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 17(2), 141-144.
Baskin-Sommers, A., Krusemark, E., & Ronningstam, E. (2014). Empathy in narcissistic personality disorder: From clinical and empirical perspectives. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 5(3), 323-333.
Berg, K., Blatt, B., Lopreiato, J., Jung, J., Schaeffer, A., Heil, D., et al. (2015). Standardized patient assessment of medical student empathy: Ethnicity and gender effects in a multi-institutional study. Academic Medicine, 90(1), 105-111.
Bibeau, M., Dionne, F., & Leblanc, J. (2016). Can compassion meditation contribute to the development of psychotherapists' empathy? A review. Mindfulness, 7(1), 255-263.
Bock, E. M., & Hosser, D. (2014). Empathy as a predictor of recidivism among young adult offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20(2), 101-115.
Bonfils, K. A., Lysaker, P. H., Minor, K. S., & Salyers, M. P. (2016). Affective empathy in schizophrenia: A meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Research, 175(1-3), 109-117.
Casas, R. S., Xuan, Z., Jackson, A. H., Stanfield, L. E., Harvey, N. C., & Chen, D. C. (2016). Associations of medical student empathy with clinical competence. Patient Education and Counseling. Published in advance of print publication.
Chibnall, J. T., Tait, R. C., & Jovel, A. (2014). Accountability and empathy effects on medical students' clinical judgments in a disability determination context for low back pain. Journal of Pain, 15(9), 915-924.
Chiu, C.-D., Paesen, L., Dziobek, I., & Tollenaar, M. S. (2016). Weakened cognitive empathy in individuals with dissociation proneness. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35(5), 425-436.
Conoley, C. W., Pontrelli, M. E., Oromendia, M. F., Carmen Bello, B. D., & Nagata, C. M. (2015). Positive empathy: A therapeutic skill inspired by positive psychology. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(6), 575-583.
Conway, F. (2014). The use of empathy and transference as interventions in psychotherapy with attention deficit hyperactive disorder latency-aged boys. Psychotherapy, 51(1), 104-109.
Damiano, R. F., Andrade Ribeiro, L. M., Santos, A. G., Silva, B. A., & Lucchetti, G. (2016). Empathy is associated with meaning of life and mental health treatment but not religiosity among brazilian medical students. Journal of Religion and Health. Published in advance of print publication.
Decker, S. E., Nich, C., Carroll, K., & Martino, S. (2014). Development of the Therapist Empathy Scale. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42(3), 339-354.
Dehning, S., Reiß, E., Krause, D., Gasperi, S., Meyer, S., Dargel, S., et al. (2014). Empathy in high-tech and high-touch medicine. Patient Education and Counseling, 95(2), 259-264.
DePue, M. K., & Lambie, G. W. (2014). Impact of a university-based practicum experience on counseling students' levels of empathy and assessed counseling competencies. Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation, 5(2), 89-101.
Deschamps, P. K. H., Been, M., & Matthys, W. (2014). Empathy and empathy induced prosocial behavior in 6- and 7-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(7), 1749-1758
Englander, M., & Folkesson, A. (2014). Evaluating the phenomenological approach to empathy training. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 54(3), 294-313.
Ferrari, V., Smeraldi, E., Bottero, G., & Politi, E. (in press). Addiction and empathy: A preliminary analysis. Neurological Sciences.
Ferreira-Valente, A., Monteiro, J. S., Barbosa, R. M., Salgueira, A., Costa, P., & Costa, M. J. (2016). Clarifying changes in student empathy throughout medical school: A scoping review. Advances in Health Sciences Education. Published in advance of print publication.
Goodwin, J., & Deady, R. (2013). The art of mental health practice: The role of drama in developing empathy. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 49(2), 126-134.
Grosseman, S., Novack, D. H., Duke, P., Mennin, S., Rosenzweig, S., Davis, T. J., et al. (2014). Residents' and standardized patients' perspectives on empathy: Issues of agreement. Patient Education and Counseling, 96(1), 22-28
Hepper, E. G., Hart, C. M., Meek, R., Cisek, S., & Sedikides, C. (2014). Narcissism and empathy in young offenders and non-offenders. European Journal of Personality, 28(2), 201-210.
Hirshfield, L. E., & Underman, K. (2016). Empathy in medical education: A case for social construction. Patient Education and Counseling. Published in advance of print publication.
Hojat, M., Michalec, B., Jon Veloski, J., & Tykocinski, M. L. (2015). Can empathy, other personality attributes, and level of positive social influence in medical school identify potential leaders in medicine? Academic Medicine, 90(4), 505-510.
Imel, Z. E., Barco, J. S., Brown, H. J., Baucom, B. R., Baer, J. S., Kircher, J. C., et al. (2014). The association of therapist empathy and synchrony in vocally encoded arousal. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61(1), 146-153.
Johnson, M. M., Caron, K. M., Mikolajewski, A. J., Shirtcliff, E. A., Eckel, L. A., & Taylor, J. (2014). Psychopathic traits, empathy, and aggression are differentially related to cortisol awakening response. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 36(3), 380-388.
Jordan, K. D., & Foster, P. S. (2016). Medical student empathy: Interpersonal distinctions and correlates. Advances in Health Sciences Education. Published in advance of print publication.
Kerasidou, A., & Horn, R. (2016). Making space for empathy: Supporting doctors in the emotional labour of clinical care. BMC Medical Ethics, 17, Article ID 8.
Lebowitz, M. S., & Ahn, W.-k. (2014). Effects of biological explanations for mental disorders on clinicians' empathy. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(50), 17786-17790.
Lim, B. T., Moriarty, H., Huthwaite, M., Gray, L., Pullon, S., & Gallagher, P. (2013). How well do medical students rate and communicate clinical empathy? Medical Teacher, 35(2), e946-e951.
Love, M. M., Smith, A. E., Lyall, S. E., Mullins, J. L., & Cohn, T. J. (2015). Exploring the relationship between gay affirmative practice and empathy among mental health professionals. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 43(2), 83-96.
McFarland, D. C., Malone, A. K., & Roth, A. (2016). Acute empathy decline among resident physician trainees on a hematology–oncology ward: An exploratory analysis of house staff empathy, distress, and patient death exposure. Psycho-Oncology. Published in advance of print publication.
Montgomery, C. B., Allison, C., Lai, M.-C., Cassidy, S., Langdon, P. E., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2016). Do adults with high functioning autism or Asperger syndrome differ in empathy and emotion recognition? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(6), 1931-1940.
Morris, R., Bramham, J., Smith, E., & Tchanturia, K. (2014). Empathy and social functioning in anorexia nervosa before and after recovery. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 19(1), 47-57.
Moyers, T. B., Houck, J., Rice, S. L., Longabaugh, R., & Miller, W. R. (2016). Therapist empathy, combined behavioral intervention, and alcohol outcomes in the COMBINE research project. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,84(3), 221-229.
Nilsson, H. (2016). Socioexistential mindfulness: Bringing empathy and compassion into health care practice. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 3(1), 22-31.
Ofir-Eyal, S., Hasson-Ohayon, I., & Kravetz, S. (in press). Affective and cognitive empathy and social quality of life in schizophrenia: A comparison between a parallel process model and an integrative meditation model. Psychiatry Research.
Parkin, T., de Looy, A., & Farrand, P. (2014). Greater professional empathy leads to higher agreement about decisions made in the consultation. Patient Education and Counseling, 96(2), 144-150.
Picard, J., Catu-Pinault, A., Boujut, E., Botella, M., Jaury, P., & Zenasni, F. (2016). Burnout, empathy and their relationships: A qualitative study with residents in General Medicine. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 21(3), 354-361.
Pomponi, M., Ricciardi, L., La Torre, G., Fusco, D., Morabito, B., Ricciardi, D., . . . Bentivoglio, A. R. (2016). Patient's loss of empathy is associated with caregiver burden. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(9), 717-722.
Preusche, I., & Lamm, C. (2016). Reflections on empathy in medical education: What can we learn from social neurosciences? Advances in Health Sciences Education, 21(1), 235-249.
Preusche, I., & Lamm, C. (in press). Reflections on empathy in medical education: What can we learn from social neurosciences? Advances in Health Sciences Education.
Shea, S. C., & Barney, C. (2015). Teaching clinical interviewing skills using role-playing: Conveying empathy to performing a suicide assessment: A primer for individual role-playing and scripted group role-playing. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 38(1), 147-183.
Sletvold, J. (2015). Embodied empathy in psychotherapy: Demonstrated in supervision. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 10(2), 82-93.
Stansfield, R. B., Schwartz, A., O'Brien, C. L., Dekhtyar, M., Dunham, L., & Quirk, M. (2016). Development of a metacognitive effort construct of empathy during clinical training: A longitudinal study of the factor structure of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 21(1), 5-17.
Thirioux, B., Birault, F., & Jaafari, N. (2016). Empathy is a protective factor of burnout in physicians: New neuro-phenomenological hypotheses regarding empathy and sympathy in care relationship. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, Article ID 763.
van Langen, M. A. M., Wissink, I. B., van Vugt, E. S., Van der Stouwe, T., & Stams, G. J. J. M. (2014). The relation between empathy and offending: A meta-analysis. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 19(2), 179-189.
van Ryn, M., Hardeman, R. R., Phelan, S. M., Burke, S. E., Przedworski, J., Allen, M. L., et al. (in press). Psychosocial predictors of attitudes toward physician empathy in clinical encounters among 4732 1st year medical students: A report from the changes study. Patient Education and Counseling.
Watson, J. C., Steckley, P. L., & McMullen, E. J. (2014). The role of empathy in promoting change. Psychotherapy Research, 24(3), 286-298.
White, B. A. (2014). Who cares when nobody is watching? Psychopathic traits and empathy in prosocial behaviors. Personality and Individual Differences, 56, 116-121.
Yang, C.-P. P., Hargreaves, W. A., & Bostrom, A. (2014). Association of empathy of nursing staff with reduction of seclusion and restraint in psychiatric inpatient care. Psychiatric Services, 65(2), 251-254.
Young Kaelber, K. A., & Schwartz, R. C. (in press). Empathy and emotional intelligence among eastern and western counsellor trainees: A preliminary study. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling.
Here is a link to the web page on this site focusing on COMPASSION.